British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 10 (01-10 April)
Health Professionals in the 21st Century: Results from an Inter Professional and Multi-institutional Global Health Competencies Survey (A Pilot Study)
Mirella Veras1*, Kevin Pottie2, Raywat Deonandan3, Vivian Welch4, Tim Ramsay5 and Peter Tugwell6 1University of Ottawa; Saint Elizabeth Research Centre, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada.
2Department of Family Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada.
3Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada.
4Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa Hospital, Canada.
5Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Canada.
6University of Ottawa, Department of Medicine, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada.
Mirella Veras1*, Kevin Pottie2, Raywat Deonandan3, Vivian Welch4, Tim Ramsay5 and Peter Tugwell6
1University of Ottawa; Saint Elizabeth Research Centre, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada.
(1) Salomone Di Saverio, Emergency Surgery Unit, Department of General and Transplant Surgery, S. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy.
(2) Ijeoma Okoronkwo, University of Nigeria, Nigeria.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/3322
Introduction: In the new century, worldwide health professionals face new pressures for changes towards more cost-effective and sustainable health care for all populations. Globalization creates daunting challenges as well as new opportunities for institutions and health professionals being more connected and rethink their strategies toward an inter professional practice. Although Health professionals are paying increased attention to issues of global health, there are no current assessment tools appropriate for evaluating their competency in global health. This study aimed to assess global health competencies of family medicine residents, nursing, physiotherapy and occupational therapy students.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in five universities across Ontario, Canada. The online survey drew from 429 participants, including students and residents between May to October 2011. The surveys were previously evaluated for face and content validity and reliability. Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were used to evaluate the quantitative data. The level of significance was set at 5%.
Results: Self-reported knowledge and confidence in global health issues and global health skills were low for family medicine residents, nursing, physiotherapy and occupational therapy students. The percentage of residents and students who self-reported as confident was less than 60% for all global health issues.
Conclusion: This study also highlights a need for the development of interdisciplinary education in global health. The new century requires professionals competent in global health. Institutions must offer interprofessional approaches and a curriculum that exposes them to varied learning methods and opportunities to improve their knowledge and skills in global health.
Globalization; health equity; health professionals; global health.
Full Article - PDF Page 2002-2013
DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2014/7483Review History Comments