International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry, ..,Vol.: 1, Issue.: 2
Obesity and Dental Caries in Children and Adolescents
Reem Al-Madani1* and Mohammed Al-Dossary1 1Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Reem Al-Madani1* and Mohammed Al-Dossary1
1Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
(1) Dr. Roberta Gasparro, Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Science and Dental Science, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
(1) Hasan Baber, Dow University Of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
(2) Božana Lončar Brzak, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
(3) Prathibha Anand, Ibn Sina National College for Medical Studies, Saudi Arabia.
(4) Bhat Sangeetha Govinda, Amrita School of Dentistry, India.
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Objectives: To determine relationship between obesity and dental caries in children and adolescents. Additionally, to explore and report the possible explanations and the underlying causes of the association between obesity and dental caries.
Methods: Databases search for recent papers published between January 2015 and August 2017, inclusive, addressing the association between obesity and dental caries was conducted. Review and critical appraisal of all included studies were performed.
Results: Twenty three studies were included in this review from different populations worldwide. Among them, seven studies assessed the primary dentition, another seven studies conducted on permanent dentition, and nine studies on both dentitions. The studies’ results regarding the association between obesity and dental caries were conflicting and inconsistent. Eight studies concluded that there was no relationship between obesity and dental caries. The positive association was reported in five studies, while the inverse association was reported in nine studies. The studies included in this review presented wide variations in methodology and the investigated cofactors. The possible explanations of the controversial association between obesity and dental caries were discussed in this review.
Conclusions: Both obesity and dental caries are multifactorial diseases and their association is far more complex than can be explained by a single common risk factor. This review provides additional evidence for the complexity of this association.
Obesity; dental caries; children; adolescents.
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