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Physical Science International Journal, ISSN: 2348-0130,Vol.: 17, Issue.: 1


On the Significance of Density of an Electrically Charged Quantum Particle


E. Comay1*
1Charactell Ltd., P.O.Box 39019, Tel-Aviv, 61390, Israel.

Article Information
(1) Rami Ahmad El-Nabulsi, Athens Ins. for Edu. and Res., Math. and Physics Divisions, Greece.
(2) Pratima Parashar Pandey, Professor, Polymer Composites, Nanotechnology Applied Sciences, College of Engineering Technology, Integrated Institutes of Learning, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Technical University, Greater Noida, India.
(3) Abbas Mohammed, Professor, Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden.
(1) R. Masrour, Cadi Ayyed University, Morocco.
(2) Labidi Nouar Sofiane, University Centre of Tamanrasset, Algeria.
(3) Fatma Kandemirli, Kastamonu University, Turkey.
(4) Imdat Taymaz, Sakarya University, Turkey.
(5) Adel H. Phillips, Ain-Shams University, Egypt.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/22923


Expressions of a conserved 4-current and its density are examined in cases of electrically charged quantum particles. It is proven that the Noether theorem cannot be regarded as a sufficient condition that yields a consistent expression of a conserved 4-current, because electromagnetic interactions pose further constraints. A mathematical analysis shows that the Dirac linear equation yields a consistent expression for a 4-current. In contrast, second order quantum equations, such as the Klein-Gordon equation of an electrically charged scalar particle and the electroweak equation of the W± vector particles do not provide a consistent expression for a conserved 4-current that adequately describes electromagnetic interactions.

Keywords :

Density; quantum theories; lagrangian function; electromagnetic interactions.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-10

DOI : 10.9734/PSIJ/2018/38853

Review History    Comments

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