+91 8617752708

Journal of Advances in Microbiology, 2456-7116,Vol.: 6, Issue.: 4

Review Article

Bacterial Resistance to Antibiotics: Current Situation in Sudan


Abeer M. Abass1, Muna E. Ahmed1*, Ishraga G. Ibrahim2 and S. A. Yahia1

1Department of Bacteriology, Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Alamarat, Animal Resources Research Corporation, Khartoum, Sudan.

2Department of Chemistry, Central Veterinary Research Laboratory, Alamarat, Animal Resources Research Corporation, Khartoum, Sudan.

Article Information
(1) Ana Claudia Correia Coelho, Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Portugal.
(1) Abimbola Olumide Adekanmbi, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
(2) Yasmine Samy Moustafa Mohammed Ali, Egypt.
(3) Mohamed Mohamed Adel El Sokkary, Mansoura University, Egypt.
(4) Falodun Olutayo Israel, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/21861


Aims: This work was conducted to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria of human and animal origin to commonly used antibiotics in Sudan according to the previous studies on antimicrobial resistant.

Study Design: Data were collected from relevant studies for both human and animal sectors published during 2001 to 2017 and met the inclusion criteria. Examined samples includes: serum, urine, milk, stool, abscesses and tissue sample.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out in Khartoum State Sudan during 2016-2017.

Methodology: The data collected in this study were obtained from different educational institution and research centers located in Khartoum State and previous reports related to antimicrobial resistant.

Results: Escherichia coli (E. coli) Klebsiella spp. Proteus spp. Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) and Salmonella enteritidis (Sal. enteritidis) were the most commonly encountered organism. Most of the studied organisms were highly resistance to: chloramphenicol, penicillin, amoxicillin, erythromycin, tetracycline, ampicillin (10%), sulbactam, cefotaxime (30%), nitrofurantoin, nalidixic acid, colistin sulphate and streptomycin, vancomycin, imipenem, amikacin (30%), and tobramycin. While Ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, gentamicin (30%), and Linezolid were the antibiotics with the highest activity against isolated organism.

Conclusion: The currently data, suggested that the antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance of most common Gram positive and Gram negative organisms causing diseases are similar to other countries. Clinicians should be aware of the existing data and treat patients according to the susceptibility patterns. Further studies are wanted from all over the country because there is limited published data.

Keywords :

Antibiotics; resistant; bacteria; gram positive; gram negative; Sudan; current.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-7

DOI : 10.9734/JAMB/2017/36715

Review History    Comments

Our Contacts

Guest House Road, Street no - 1/6,
Hooghly, West Bengal,

+91 8617752708


Third Floor, 207 Regent Street
London, W1B 3HH,

+44 20-3031-1429