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Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2456-8899, ISSN: 2231-0614 (Past),Vol.: 23, Issue.: 2


Risk Factors Associated with Diabetes Mellitus among Adults in the Hohoe Municipality of Ghana


Joseph Wolorm Kwame Fiagbe1, Wisdom Takramah1, Wisdom Kudzo Axame1, Richard Owusu1, Phyllis Atta Parbey1, Martin Adjuik1, Mohamed Takase2, Elvis Tarkang3* and Margaret Kweku1

1Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

2School of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Cast, Cape Coast, Central Region, Ghana.Department of Population and Behavioural Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana.

Article Information


(1) Kate S Collison, Department of Cell Biology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Saudi Arabia.

(2) Mohamed Essa, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman.

(3) Salomone Di Saverio, Emergency Surgery Unit, Department of General and Transplant Surgery, S. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy.


(1) Mohamed Najimudeen, Melaka Manipal medical college, Malaysia.

(2) Anonymous, StemRx Bioscience  Solutions Pvt. Ltd. R - 831,  India.

(3) Chaitanya Malladi, Sheridan College, Canada.

(4) Eze Ejike Daniel, Kampala International University, Uganda.

Complete Peer review History:


Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM), one of the Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and is increasingly becoming an important public health concern. This study examined the prevalence, control and risk factors associated with DM2 among adults in the Hohoe Municipality.

Methods: This was a hospital-based case control study that involved 70 cases and 140 controls. Data was collected using a face-to-face interview with structured questionnaires. Blood pressure, fasting blood glucose and anthropometric indices were measured with appropriate instruments following standard procedures. Differences in means were determined using t-test. The Chi-square test and the conditional logistic regression model were used to determine association and the strength of the association between independent categorical variables and DM2 respectively.

Results: Uncontrolled diabetes among cases was 78.6%. Prevalence of hypertension among cases was higher (64.3%) than in controls (60.0%). Adults with overweight and obesity were 13.03 and 12.81 times more likely to develop diabetes (AOR=13.02, p=0.011) and (AOR=12.81, p=0.015) respectively. Civil servants were 0.15 times less likely to have diabetes (AOR=0.15, 0.048). Adults who recently tested their blood glucose, or current/ex-smokers were 12.03 and 12.88 times more likely to develop diabetes (OR=12.03, p<0.001) and (OR=12.88, p=0.037) respectively.

Conclusion: One out of 5 diabetics could not control their blood glucose levels. Six out of 10 diabetics had hypertension. Recent testing of blood sugar, overweight and obesity, smoking and occupation were factors found to be associated with diabetes in the Hohoe Municipality.

Keywords :

Type 2 diabetes mellitus; hospital-based; hypertension; cases; controls; risk factors; Hohoe; Ghana.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-12

DOI : 10.9734/JAMMR/2017/33846

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