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International Journal of Plant & Soil Science, ISSN: 2320-7035,Vol.: 16, Issue.: 6


Evaluating Salicornia as a Potential Forage Crop to Remediate High Groundwater-Table Saline Soil under Continental Climates


C. Yucel1, M. J. Farhan2, A. M. Khairo2, G. Ozer3, M. Cetin3, I. Ortas3 and K. R. Islam4*

1East Mediterranean Agricultural Research Institute, Adana, Turkey.

2University of Tikrit, Tikrit, Iraq.

3Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey.

4Soil, Water and Bioenergy Resources, Ohio State University South Centers, 1864 Shyville Road, Piketon, OH 45661, USA.

Article Information
(1) Dr. Hakan Sevik, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Kastamonu University, Turkey.
(1) Amalio Santacruz-Varela, Colegio de Postgraduados, Mexico.
(2) Joseph W. Munyasi, Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization, Kenya.
(3) Sillma Rampadarath, Mauritius.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/19576


Salicornia is a leafless C3 annual halophyte with a greatest economic potential. A field study was conducted to evaluate Salicornia (Salicornia europaea) biomass production and feed quality and its effect on soil quality in the Mediterranean Karatas-Adana region of the Southern Turkey. Salicornia biomass, groundwater, and soils were randomly sampled from adjoining Unprotected (uncontrolled mixed grazing) and Protected (no grazing) sites. Results showed that the Protected site produced a higher amount of total (shoot and root), root, and shoot fresh biomass by 22, 45, and 12%, respectively as compared with the Unprotected site. Total, root, and shoot dry biomass production was also higher in the Protected site. Biomass collected from the Protected site had a significantly lower content of acid detergent fiber, but higher content of digestible dry-matter and relative feed values than in biomass collected from the Unprotected site. Iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) contents were 1.9 and 1.8 times higher in the Protected site than in the Unprotected site. Groundwater and soil electrical conductivities were significantly lower in the Protected site than in the Unprotected site. While the soil microbial biomass, active carbon, and intermediate C pools were 36, 21 and 56% higher, respectively, the specific maintenance respiration rates were lower (by 23%) in the Protected site than in the Unprotected site. Results suggested that increased biomass yield of Salicornia with higher feed quality under Protection could be used as a forage crop to remediate coastal saline soils with a high water-table.

Keywords :

Protected and unprotected sites; total biomass; feed quality; acid detergent fiber; relative feed values; nutrients; active carbon; microbial biomass; basal respiration; soil quality.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-10

DOI : 10.9734/IJPSS/2017/33833

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