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International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, ISSN: 2278-1005,Vol.: 23, Issue.: 2


Prevalence of Intestinal Protozoan Infections and the Associated Risk Factors among Children in Bushenyi District, Western Uganda


Ibrahim Ntulume1, Julius Tibyangye1,2*, Adamu Almustapha Aliero1,3 and Barugahare John Banson4

1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Kampala International University, P.O.Box 71, Ishaka – Bushenyi, Uganda.

2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, St. Augustine International University, P.O.Box 88, Kampala, Uganda.

3Department of Biological Sciences, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero, Nigeria.

4Faculty of Health Sciences, Busitema University, Uganda.

Article Information
(1) Zhiheng Zhou, Thyroid Cancer Research Laboratory, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard medical school, Boston, USA.
(1) Adedoja Ayodele, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria.
(2) Tebit Kwenti Emmanuel, University of Buea, Cameroon.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/19087


Aims: To determine the prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections and the associated risk factors in children.

Study Design: A cross sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in four selected health facilities in Bushenyi District, Western Uganda, between June 2016 and January 2017.

Methodology: A total of 200 children aged below one year to 12 years were enrolled. Stool samples were collected and analyzed according to the established standard methods.

Results: Of the 200 children enrolled, 73(36.5%); CI = 0.000-0.015, had intestinal protozoan infections. The prevalence of Giardia lamblia was the highest (16%) followed by Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (13%) compared to Cryptosporidium spp (4%) and Cyclospora spp (3.5%).The highest prevalence was in the age group 1-4 years (26.8%, OR; 2.601, P = .015), mothers with no formal education (44.4%, OR; 3.240, P = .002) and those with primary level education (23.5%, OR; 1.812,P = .027) were significantly associated with intestinal protozoan infections. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of infections between the females (22.3%) and males (16.5%).

Conclusion: The overall prevalence of intestinal protozoan infections was 73(36.5%), Giardia lamblia (16%) was the most prevalent intestinal protozoan infection in the study. The intestinal protozoan infections were most prevalent among children aged 1-4 years whose mothers had no formal education. Prevention strategies need to be tailored to the respective levels of education.

Keywords :

Protozoan; infections; association; Giardia lamblia; Bushenyi District.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-9

DOI : 10.9734/IJTDH/2017/33255

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