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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 18, Issue.: 5

Case Report

Bilateral Optic Atrophy Following Methanol Poisoning: A Case Report

 

A. A. Onua1*, I. C. Nwadiuto2 and C. N. Pedro-Egbe1

1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, P.M.B. 6173, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

2Epidemiology Unit, Rivers State Ministry of Health, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Barbara Giambene, Eye Clinic, Department of Translational Surgery and Medicine, University of Firenze, Italy.
Reviewers:
(1) Pavel Urban, National Institute of Public Health, Czech Republic.
(2) Andrew G. Lee, The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA, USA And The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.
(3) Tarkan Mumcuoglu, Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Turkey.
(4) Venkataratnam Peram, N.T.R Health University (A.P) Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Hyderabad, India.
(5) Veysi Oner, Recep Tayyip Erdo─čan University Medical School, Rize, Turkey.
(6) Srihari Atti, Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital & Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Osmania Medical College(Govt.), Hyderabad, India.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/16635

Abstracts

Background: Methanol is an industrial chemical found in many products including antifreeze solutions, solvents and fuels. Most cases of methanol poisoning among humans occur following accidental ingestion, inhalation or dermal exposure. Humans may sometimes ingest methanol as an ethanol substitute or to inflict injuries on themselves. Multiple victim methanol poisonings can occur with illicit distillation or occult substitution of methanol for ethanol. The clinical diagnosis is made in the presence of toxic alcohol ingestion, early visual symptoms and unexplained metabolic acidosis. 

Case Report: We report a case of methanol poisoning with bilateral optic atrophy in a 53-year old carpenter who presented to the ophthalmology clinic, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital on 9th June 2015 on account of eight days history of sudden loss of vision in both eyes, following ingestion of alcohol with colleagues. Prior to presentation, he had good vision in both eyes. 

Clinical examination revealed visual acuity of hand motion in both eyes, widely dilated pupils with no reaction to light. Fundoscopy showed bilateral chronic optic atrophy. Based on the clinical and fundus photographic findings and the epidemiological report of methanol poisoning outbreak in Rivers State at this particular time from 30th May 2015 to 15th June 2015), a diagnosis of methanol poisoning was entertained. Patient was treated with folic acid, prednisolone and multivitamins.

Conclusion: Early recognition and treatment of methyl alcohol poisoning could prevent hazardous outcome. Late Presentation of our client worsened by poverty and ignorance led to optic neurotoxicity, with bilateral blindness. Practising ophthalmologist should have a high index of suspicion of alcohol related chronic optic neuropathy with blindness among chronic alcoholics.

Keywords :

Methanol poisoning; optic neuropathy; Rivers State; Nigeria.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-6

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2016/26645

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