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British Biotechnology Journal, ISSN: 2231-2927,Vol.: 16, Issue.: 2

Original-research-article

Prevalence of Dyslipidemia on the Basis of Biochemistry Tests in the Parakou University Teaching Hospital (Benin)

 

Moutawakilou Gomina1,2*, Adébayo Alassani3, Léopold Codjo4, Albert Dovonou3,5 and Simon Akpona1,2

1Biochemistry Laboratory, CHUD-B/A, Parakou, Benin.

2Department of Study and Research in Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin.

3Department of Internal Medicine, CHUD-B/A, Parakou, Benin.

4Department of Study and Research in Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin.

5Department of Study and Research in Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Parakou, Benin.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Samuel Peña-Llopis, Developmental Biology and Internal Medicine, Oncology Division, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, USA.
(2) Kuo-Kau Lee, Department of Aquaculture, National Taiwan Ocean University, Taiwan.
Reviewers:
(1) Adamma A. Emejulu, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria,
(2) Joel Paulo Russomano Veiga, University Hospital, University of Brasília, Brazil.
(3) María Teresa Magaña Torres, Centro de Investigación Biomédica de Occidente, Guadalajara, Jal, Mexico.
(4) Ruby Gupta, Center for Chronic Disease Control, New Delhi, India.
(5) Shradha Bisht, SBS PG institute of Biomedical Sciences and Research, Balawala, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/16404

Abstracts

Aims: Determine the prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients attended in the Parakou University teaching Hospital Biochemistry Laboratory (Republic of Benin).

Study Design:  Cross-sectional retrospective study.

Place and Duration of Study: Biochemistry Laboratory of the Borgou/Alibori Regional University Teaching Hospital (CHUD-B/A) in Parakou (Republic of Benin); period from July 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015.

Methodology: Data were collected on the basis of the biochemical test register; they were related to lipid parameters. The criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III were used to identify dyslipidemia.

Results: The frequency of lipid profile request was 8.38%. Sex ratio (Men/Women) was 0.79. The mean age of the target population was 46.84 ± 13.61 years. The different types of dyslipidemia identified were: hypercholesterolemia (37.60%), HDL hypocholesterolemia (39.20%), LDL hypercholesterolemia (39.40%), hypertriglyceridemia (11.17%), mixed hyperlipidemia (6.30%) and atherogenic dyslipidemia (3.00%). HDL hypocholesterolemia was associated with male sex (P = .000) whereas LDL hypercholesterolemia was associated with age (P = .03).

Conclusion: Dyslipidemia prevalence high as identified in the study in the CHUD-B/A Biochemistry Laboratory. Studies among the general population should be conducted in order to identify the extent of those types of dyslipidemia in Benin.

Keywords :

Benin; cholesterol; dyslipidemia; triglycerides.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-8

DOI : 10.9734/BBJ/2016/28362

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