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British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science, ISSN: 2278-0998,Vol.: 17, Issue.: 3


The Influence of Reinforcement Skill on Academic Performance of Secondary School Physics Students in Obio-Akpor Lga, Rivers State Nigeria


N. N. S. Mandah1 and O. L. Gbarato2*

1Department of Curriculum Studies and Instructional Technology, Faculty of Education, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

2Department of Physics, Faculty of Natural and Applied Science, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.

Article Information
(1) Doutora Laurinda Leite, Institute of Education, University of Minho, Portugal.
(1) Hamza Akengin, Marmara University, Turkey.
(2) Salvador Peiro I Gregori, Universidad de Alicante, Spain.
(3) Nancy Maynes, Nipissing University, North Bay, Ontario, Canada.
(4) Babalola Victor Tubosun, Northwest University, Kano, Nigeria.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/15607


This study is aimed at assessing the influence of reinforcement skill on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Physics students in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State, using three research questions and one hypothesis. The study which adopts the descriptive and quasi-experimental research design employed a sample size of sixty teachers and one hundred and twenty students of senior secondary One (SSI) in the sample Area. The questionnaire titled “Teachers Reinforcement Skill Questionnaire” (TRSQ) was part of the instrument and fundamentals of Measurement in Physics. The statistical mean was used to analyse the data for the research questions while standard deviation and Z-test were used to analyze the data to obtain the validity of the hypothesis. The findings revealed that some factors such as insincere reinforcement, adoption of only one form of reinforcement, among others, hinder proper application of reinforcement skill. It was also found that the use of reinforcement influences the academic performance of Physics students. Based on this, it was recommended that teachers should always apply reinforcement skill, be sincere in the application and attend training programmes on teaching skills.

Keywords :

Reinforcement; academic performance; physics; secondary school students; Obio-Akpor.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-11

DOI : 10.9734/BJESBS/2016/25551

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