International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health, ISSN: 2278-1005,Vol.: 3, Issue.: 2 (April-June)
Prevalence of Antibody to Trypanosoma cruzi in Women Delivering Infants at Parkland Health and Hospital System, Dallas, Texas, USA
Paul M. Southern1* 1Departments of Pathology and Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, Texas 75390-9073, USA.
Paul M. Southern1*
1Departments of Pathology and Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, Texas 75390-9073, USA.
(1) Ahmed Awad Abdel-HameedAdeel, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.
(1) Yves Jackson, Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Switzerland.
(2) Enedina Jiménez Cardoso, Mexico.
(3) Jean-Philippe Chippaux, Institut de Recherche Pour le Développement, Bénin.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/1245
Recent increases in the immigration of persons from Latin America into North America, particularly from regions endemic for Chagas disease, suggest the possibility that pregnant women may be latently infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. This study was undertaken to assess the magnitude of seropositivity in parturient women in our institution. Umbilical cord blood was collected from Hispanic surnamed women delivering infants at Parkland Health and Hospital System (PHHS), the public hospital serving Dallas County, Texas, and affiliated with UT Southwestern. When possible the specimens were collected from consecutive deliveries. Serum was tested for antibodies to Trypanosoma cruzi by commercial systems. Two hundred delivering women were tested as described. Of those tested, 4 were found to be positive for T. cruzi antibody (2%). This confirms a potential risk for transplacental transmission of T. cruzi in populations residing outside the traditional endemic zone, such as those seeking medical care at PHHS.
Trypanosoma cruzi; chagas disease; maternal transmission; Dallas; Texas.
Full Article - PDF Page 169-174
DOI : 10.9734/IJTDH/2013/3136Review History Comments