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European Journal of Medicinal Plants, ISSN: 2231-0894,Vol.: 3, Issue.: 2 (April-June)


Phytochemical Constituents and in vitro Antioxidant Capacity of Methanolic Leaf Extract of Oxytenanthera abyssinica (A. Rich Murno)


Ibeh Bartholomew O1*, Ezeja Maxwell2 and Habu Josiah Bitrus3

1Department of Biochemistry, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria.
2Departmnent of Veterinary Physiology, Biochemistry and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria.
3Bioresources Development Centre Odi, Bayelsa, National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria.

Article Information


(1) Dr. Marcello Iriti, Professor of Plant Biology and Pathology, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Milan State University, Italy.


(1) Anonymous.

(2) Anonymous.

Complete Peer review History:http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/1022


Aims: The antioxidant and phytochemical properties of leaf extracts of the Nigerian Oxytenanthera abyssinica were evaluated at different concentrations using ascorbic acid standard. This preliminary study investigates the potentially bioactive components of the plant which may renew research into its medicinal value.
Study Design: Cold extraction of the leaf parts followed by evaluation of phytochemicals and antioxidant capacity using chromatographic and spectrophotometric methods.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Biochemistry, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture P.M.B.7267 Umudike Abia State, Nigeria.
Methodology: The antioxidant properties were determined using three assay models: the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) colorimetric test and a modified version of in vitro antioxidant TBARS after cold extraction maceration. The activity was determined at different concentrations (10μg/ml,50μg/ml,100μg/ml,200μg/ml and 400μg/ml) of the extract and expressed as % inhibition. phytochemicals were determined by standard detection and spectrophotometric methods.
Results: The yield of the methanolic leaf extract of Oxytenanthera abyssinica was 3.92% w/w dry matter. Steroids (steroid glycoside), alkaloids, saponins, tannins, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, phlobatanins, anthroquinone and terpenes were detected while cyanogenic glycosides were absent. The quantitative analysis yielded (in mg/100g): flavonoids (1.51±0.23), alkaloids (1.40±0.02), polyphenols (1.31±0.32), tannins (0.071±0.40) and saponins (1.2±0.10). Oxytenanthera abyssinica’s DPPH reduction was highest at 400μg/ml (82.10 ± 0.01%) with IC50 of 56.2μg/ml. The ferric reducing power of the extract at 400μg/ml was 61±1.52% (FRAP: 0.61) and the inhibition of lipid peroxidation measured as TBARS was 81.0 ±1.11%.
Conclusion: There is an indication that Oxytenanthera abyssinica contains important phytochemicals and an antioxidant capacity comparable with standard antioxidant compounds that may be linked to its beneficial effects on health.

Keywords :

Oxytenanthera abyssinica; antioxidants; phytochemicals; flavonoids; medicinal plant; Nigeria.

Full Article - PDF    Page 206-217

DOI : 10.9734/EJMP/2013/1685

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