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Many Nobel Laureates & Luminaries have supported Open Access broad dissemination of research results. Visitors of this page should note that SDI has no connection with these great persons. This page is created for general awareness of the visitors about the magnitude and momentum of OA movement. This page should be considered as general information only. SDI wants that more people should be attracted to Open Access (OA) movement.

41 Nobel Prize Winners wrote that "..Broad dissemination of research results is fundamental to the advancement of knowledge..".

Recently 41 Nobel laureates wrote that "....research results are not available to researchers, scientists, or members of the public. We believe Congress can and must act to ensure that all potential users have free and timely access on the Internet to peer-reviewed federal research findings. This ultimately magnifies the public benefits of research by promoting progress, enhancing economic growth, and improving the public welfare.

As the pursuit of science is increasingly conducted in a digital world, we need policies that ensure that the opportunities the Internet presents for new research tools and techniques to be employed can be fully exploited. The removal of access barriers and the enabling of expanded use of research findings has the potential to dramatically transform how we approach issues of vital importance to the public, such as biomedicine, climate change, and energy research. ....."

This open letter is signed by following 41 Nobel Laureates

U.S. Laureates:

Name    Category  Prize   Year
Peter Agre    Chemistry    2003   
Paul Berg    Chemistry    1980   
Martin Chalfie    Chemistry    2008   
Robert F. Curl Jr.    Chemistry    1996   
Johann Deisenhofer    Chemistry    1988   
Robert H. Grubbs    Chemistry    2005   
Roald Hoffmann    Chemistry    1981   
Walter Kohn    Chemistry    1998   
Roger D. Kornberg    Chemistry    2006   
Sir Harold Kroto    Chemistry    1996   
Kary B. Mullis    Chemistry    1993   
Irwin Rose    Chemistry    2004   
David Baltimore    Medicine    1975   
Baruj Benacerraf    Medicine    1980   
Sydney Brenner    Medicine    2002   
Stanley Cohen    Medicine    1986   
Andrew Z. Fire    Medicine    2006   
Edmond H. Fischer    Medicine    1992   
Alfred G. Gilman    Medicine    1994   
Carol W. Greider    Medicine    2009   
Leland H. Hartwell    Medicine    2001   
David H. Hubel    Medicine    1981   
Eric R. Kandel    Medicine    2000   
Joseph E. Murray    Medicine    1990   
Marshall W. Nirenberg    Medicine    1968   
Andrew V. Schally    Medicine    1977   
Jack W. Szostak    Medicine    2009   
Harold E. Varmus    Medicine    1989   
James Watson    Medicine    1962   
Sheldon Glashow    Physics    1979   
John C. Mather    Physics    2006   
Douglas D. Osheroff    Physics    1996   
H. David Politzer    Physics    2004


Non-U.S. Laureates

Name    Category    Prize Year   
Aaron Ciechanover    Chemistry    2004   
Avram Hershko    Chemistry    2004   
Jean-Marie Lehn    Chemistry    1987   
Hartmut Michel    Chemistry    1988   
Sir Martin J. Evans    Medicine    2007   
Tim Hunt    Medicine    2001   
Bengt I. Samuelsson    Medicine    1982   
Rolf M. Zinkernagel    Medicine    1996

Souce: An Open Letter to the U.S. Congress Signed by 41 Nobel Prize Winners (November 2009)1


 

 

33 Nobel Prize Winners wrote that "...For scientists working at the cutting edge of knowledge, it is essential that they have unhindered access to the world's scientific literature...".

 

Recently 33 Nobel laureates wrote that, "...scientists and researchers at all but the most well-financed universities are finding it difficult to pay the escalating costs of subscriptions to the journals that provide their life blood....".

They also opined that, ".....The clientele for this knowledge are not just an esoteric group of university scientists and researchers who are pushing forward the frontiers of knowledge. Increasingly, high school students preparing for their science fairs need access to this material so that they too can feel the thrill of research. Teachers preparing courses also need access to the most up-to-date science to augment the inevitably out-of-date textbooks. Most importantly, the lay public wants to know about research findings that may be pertinent to their own health diagnoses and treatment modalities......"

This open letter is signed by following 33 Nobel Laureates

 

Name

Category of Nobel Prize 

Year

David Baltimore Physiology or Medicine 1975
Paul Berg Chemistry 1980
Michael Bishop Physiology or Medicine 1989
Gunter Blobel Physiology or Medicine 1999
Paul Boyer Chemistry 1997
Sydney Brenner Physiology or Medicine 2002
Mario Cappechi Physiology or Medicine 2007
Thomas Cech Chemistry 1989
Stanley Cohen Physiology or Medicine 1986
Robert Curl Chemistry 1996
Johann Deisenhofer Chemistry 1988
John Fenn Chemistry 2002
Edmond Fischer Physiology or Medicine 1992
Paul Greengard Physiology or Medicine 2000
Roger Guillemin Physiology or Medicine 1977
Leland Hartwell Physiology or Medicine 2001
Dudley Herschbach Chemistry 1986
Roald Hoffman Chemistry 1981
H. Robert Horvitz Physiology or Medicine 2002
Roger Kornberg Chemistry 2006
Harold Kroto Chemistry 1996
Roderick MacKinnon Chemistry 2003
Craig Mello Physiology or Medicine 2006
Kary Mullis Chemistry 1993
Joseph Murray Physiology or Medicine 1990
Marshall Nirenberg Physiology or Medicine 1968
Paul Nurse Physiology or Medicine 2001
Stanley Prusiner Physiology or Medicine 1997
Richard Roberts Physiology or Medicine 1993
Susumu Tonegawa Physiology or Medicine 1987
Hamilton Smith Physiology or Medicine 1978
Harold Varmus Physiology or Medicine 1989
James Watson Physiology or Medicine 1962

Souce: An Open Letter to the U.S. Congress Signed by 33 Nobel Prize Winners (Sep 9, 2008)2


 

Sir John Edward Sulston, FRS, is a British biologist and the 2002 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate. He is currently Chair of the newly-founded Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation (iSEI) at the University of Manchester. He is one of the supporter of OA movement. Along with philosopher John Harris he is one of the main architects of the Manchester Manifesto, came in November 27, 2009.

 

Peter Suber is the creator of the game Nomic and a leading voice in the open access movement. He is a senior research professor of philosophy at Earlham College, Fellow at Harvard's Berkman Center and Office for Scholarly Communication, the open access project director at Public Knowledge, a senior researcher at SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition). He is also a member of the Advisory Boards at the Wikimedia Foundation, the Open Knowledge Foundation, and other organizations devoted to open access and an information commons.

 


 

MIT Faculty Chair Bish Sanyal, a supporter of OA movement, described the anonymous vote for MIT-open-access-mandate as “a signal to the world that we speak in a unified voice; that what we value is the free flow of ideas.”

 


Daniel Shek, professor at Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, told: “Open Access journals offer an innovative and efficient way of publication for academics and professionals in a wide range of disciplines. The papers published are of high quality after rigorous peer review and they are Indexed in: major international databases. I read Open Access journals to keep abreast of the recent development in my field of study."

 


 

Hal Abelson is professor at Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a vocal supporter of OA movement. Under his chairmanship, the committee formulated the MIT Faculty Open-Access Policy which became university-wide OA mandate.

 


M. Bendandi, professor, University Clinic of Navarre, Spain, told: "Open access journals have become a fundamental tool for students, researchers, patients and the general public. Many people from institutions which do not have library or cannot afford to subscribe scientific journals benefit of them on a daily basis. The articles are among the best and cover most scientific areas."

 



Prof Anthony Finkelstein, Head of Computer Science, University College London, said: “Impact is the watchword for research and this depends on it reaching the widest audience possible. Open Access is a critical enabler for this. UCL’s plans to build a major scholarly resource around its Open Access policy is warmly welcomed by researchers across UCL.”

 


Kenji Hashimoto, professor at Chiba University, Japan, told: "Open access journals are freely available online throughout the world, for you to read, download, copy, distribute, and use. The articles published in the open access journals are high quality and cover a wide range of fields."

 


 

Professor Chris Carey, Head of Greek and Latin, University College London, said: “The potential benefits of Open Access as a means of making cutting edge research available across the world cost free are enormous. This is an opportunity to make a major impact in regions where cost is a potentially insuperable obstacle to access. The scale, diversity and outstanding quality of UCL research make us ideal leaders in this field.”

 


J.C. Jones is professor at Mechanics of Materials Research Group, University of Aberdeen, Scotland. He is the author of 300 publications including six university-level textbooks. In support of the OA movement he said, "The advantage of the Open Journal series is that it is just that: open, and accessible to anyone with a PC at no charge I appeal to scholars across the disciplines to consider the Open Journal series as a forum for their work."


 

 

References:

1An Open Letter to the U.S. Congress Signed by 41 Nobel Prize Winners (November 2009)

2An Open Letter to the U.S. Congress Signed by 33 Nobel Prize Winners

All data of this page has been compiled from different internet sources, which are available in public domain.


 

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