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Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International, ISSN: 2454-7352,Vol.: 2, Issue.: 2

Original-research-article

Is there a Quasi-60 years’ Oscillation of the Arctic Sea Ice Extent?

 

A. Parker1* and C. D. Ollier2
1School of Engineering and Physical Science, James Cook University, Townsville 4811 QLD, Australia.
2School of Earth and Environment, University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009 WA, Australia.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Wen-Cheng Liu, Department of Civil and Disaster Prevention Engineering, National United University, Taiwan and Taiwan Typhoon and Flood Research Institute, National United University, Taipei, Taiwan.
Reviewers:
(1) Anonymous, USA.
(2) Anonymous, Brazil.
(3) Mazzarella Adriano, Department of Earth, Environment and Resources, University of Naples Federico II, Italy.
(4) Anonymous, India.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/8837

Abstracts

A better understanding of the future climate pattern developments in the Arctic may only follow a better reconstruction of the past patterns of natural oscillations and the determination of the forcing and the resulting oscillations occurred in the climate parameters over different time scales. The proposed information for the past demonstrates the Walsh & Chapman reconstruction [1] claiming a flat sea ice 1870 to 1950 is too simple. The Arctic sea ice experienced a drastic reduction that was phased with warming temperatures 1923 to 1940. This reduction was followed by a sharp cooling and sea ice recovery. This permits us to also conclude that very likely the Arctic sea ice extent also has a quasi-60 years’ oscillation. The recognition of a quasi-60 year’s oscillation in the sea ice extent of the Arctic similar to the oscillation of the temperatures and the other climate indices may permit us to separate the natural from the anthropogenic forcing of the Arctic sea ice. The heliosphere and the Earth’s magnetosphere may have much stronger influence on the climate patterns on Earth including the Arctic sea ices than has been thought.

Keywords :

Arctic; sea ice; climate oscillations; measurements; computations.

Full Article - PDF    Page 77-94

DOI : 10.9734/JGEESI/2015/16694

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