Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology, ISSN: 2320-7027,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 3
Influence of Gender on Farmers’ level of Involvement in Bambara Production Activities in Western Kenya
Millicent Oyugi1, O. M. J. Nandi2, David Amudavi1 and Valerie Palapala3* 1Egerton University Agriculture Extension, Box 536, Njoro, Kenya.
2Department of Social Science Education, Masinde Muliro University, Box 190-50100, Kakamega, Kenya.
3Department of Biological Sciences, School of Science, Rongo University College, Box 103-40401 Kenya.
Millicent Oyugi1, O. M. J. Nandi2, David Amudavi1 and Valerie Palapala3*
1Egerton University Agriculture Extension, Box 536, Njoro, Kenya.
(1) Jamal Alrusheidat, Assistant and Consultant to Director general for Extension Education Director of Extension Education Department, National Centre for Agricultural Research and Extension (NCARE), Amman, Jordan.
(1) Anonymous, Anand Agricultural University, Gujarat State, India.
(2) Olasimbo Motunrayo Apata, Agric. Economics and Extension Services, Ekiti State University, Nigeria.
(3) Gemechu Shale Ogat, Assistant Professor, Department of Rural Development and Agricultural Extension, Institute of Cooperatives and Development Studies, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/7141
Aims: The study was conducted to determine the relationship of gender and farmer’s involvement in the production activities of Bambara groundnut, the local crop which is intended for production-for-use.
Study Design: Interview and a questionnaire were administered to 120 farmers in two districts. The districts neighbor each other and do share common ecological attributes and therefore, provided sufficient population for the study.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in 2009 in Mumias and Butere Districts of Western Kenya.
Methodology: Level of involvement of farmers’ in bambara production activities was measured by farmers’ participation in land preparation, planting, weeding, pest control, harvesting, drying, threshing and winnowing. A production activities index (P.A.I) was computed.
Results: The findings indicate that the significant relationship between gender and participation of farmers in production activities of Bambara groundnut. The study revealed that a majority of the respondents in Mumias were females while those in Butere were males. However, in general, there were more female than male farmers involved in the production of Bambara groundnut in Mumias and Butere Districts. The overall mean age for the farmers was 43.9 years which is similar for the age representation of rural farmers according to most studies. The farmers in the study area practiced agriculture on an average of ¼ an acre. The highest acreage was found to be approximately 16 and 18 acres for Butere and Mumias respectively. On education level, farmers were found to be literate with 51.7% of the farmers having reached primary level, 39.2% secondary level and 4.2% tertiary level which are in contrast with other studies that have established high illiteracy level of among rural farmers. Results of data analysis revealed that involvement level of female farmers was higher than the male farmers in production activities in the two. For Production Activities Index; female farmers’ PAI = 2.7 while male farmers’ PAI = 1.9.
Conclusion: Results of data analysis revealed that involvement level of female farmers was higher than the male farmers in production activities in the two Districts with female farmers exhibiting a higher level of involvement. Extension agents should make female farmers their priority in trying to revive production of the crop.
Bambara; farmers; gender; production activities index.Review History Comments
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