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British Journal of Education, Society & Behavioural Science, ISSN: 2278-0998,Vol.: 11, Issue.: 2

Original-research-article

The Unexpected Harm of Same-sex Marriage: A Critical Appraisal, Replication and Re-analysis of Wainright and Patterson’s Studies of Adolescents with Same-sex Parents

 

D. Paul Sullins1*

1Department of Sociology, The Catholic University of America, USA.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Daniel Yaw Fiaveh, Department of Sociology, University of Ghana, Legon, Ghana.
(2) Stan Weeber, Professor of Sociology, McNeese State University in Lake Charles, Louisiana, USA.
Reviewers:
(1) Anonymous, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria.
(2) Paulo Verlaine Borges e Azevêdo, University of Goiás, Brazil.
(3) Anonymous, University of Sri Jaywardenepura, Sri Lanka.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/10443

Abstracts

Aims: To critique, replicate and re-analyze Wainright and Patterson’s three studies of adolescents with same-sex parents, which conclude, based on representative population data, that such children suffer no disadvantages. 

Methodology: After replicating Wainright and Patterson’s sample and analyses using the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health, Wave I, (n = 20,745), re-examination of the same-sex parent sample finds that 27 of the 44 cases are misidentified heterosexual parents; they did not adjust for survey design and clustering; and ignored 99 percent of the baseline by using a small matched sample for comparison.  Outcomes are re-analyzed after correcting these problems, using OLS, logistic regression and Firth (bias-adjusted) regression models.

Results: The adolescents with same-sex parents experience significantly lower autonomy and higher anxiety, but also better school performance, than do adolescents with opposite-sex parents. Comparing unmarried to (self-described) married same-sex parents, above-average child depressive symptoms rises from 50% to 88%; daily fearfulness or crying rises from 5% to 32%; grade point average declines from 3.6 to 3.4; and child sex abuse by parent rises from zero to 38%.  The longer a child has been with same-sex parents, the greater the harm.

Conclusion: Children with same-sex parents experience significant disadvantages, but also some advantages, compared to those with man-woman parents. Although opposite-sex marriage is associated with improved outcomes on a wide range of child well-being measures, same-sex marriage is associated with lower outcomes. Further work is needed to determine the relative influences of instability, duration, and marriage to these findings.

Keywords :

National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health; same-sex parents; child well-being; same-sex marriage.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-22 Article Metrics

DOI : 10.9734/BJESBS/2015/19337

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