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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 8, Issue.: 10

Original-research-article

Prevalence, Awareness and Factors Associated with Hypertension among Adult Residents in Lagos: A Population Based Study

 

Olusoji James Daniel1*, Olusola Adedeji Adejumo2, Esther Ngozi Adejumo3, Rotimi Samuel Owolabi4, Rotimi Williams Braimoh5 and Albert Adekunle Salako1
1Department of Community Medicine and Primary Care, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria.
2Department of Community Health and Primary Health Care, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Ikeja Lagos, Nigeria.
3Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Babcock University, Ilisan –Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria.
4Department of Medicine, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria.
5Department of Medicine, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Oswin Grollmuss, Head of Department of Pediatric and Adult Resuscitation Congenital Heart of Centre Chirurgical Marie Lannelongue, University Paris XI, France.
Reviewers:
(1) A. Papazafiropoulou, Department of Internal Medicine and Diabetes Center, General Hospital of Nikaia, Greece.
(2) Alexander Berezin, Internal Medicine, State Medical University, Zaporozhye, Ukraine.
(3) Anand N. Shukla, Department of Cardiology, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Centre, India.
(4) Anonymous, Dicle University, Turkey.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/9505

Abstracts

Background: Hypertension is a global public health problem in both developed and developing countries. It is estimated that 75% of the world hypertensive patients in 2025 will be in developing countries including Nigeria. There is need to understand the nature of the epidemic and institute control measures to reverse the increasing tide of the disease in developing countries.
Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional survey carried out among Lagos residents between May and June 2012 in four Local Government Areas namely Alimosho, Mushin, Ajegunle/Ifelodun and Kosofe. The study variables were age, sex, occupation, education, marital status, religion and BMI while the outcome variable were frequency of hypertension and mean blood pressure. Statistical analysis included the use of proportions, percentages, chi-square, ‘t’ test and logistic regression using SPSS version 21
Results: A total of 4088 adults aged between 20-81 years (male = 1465 and females= 2623) were included in this study. The overall prevalence of hypertension was 40.9%. Hypertension increased with age in both males and females. Of the 1673 respondents identified as having hypertension, only 316 (18.9%) respondents were previously aware of their diagnosis. Of the 316 known hypertensive patients, only 20 (6.3%) had their blood pressure within the normal range. Age, gender, marital status and BMI were socio-demographic factors associated with hypertension.
Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension and obesity were found to be high in Lagos state. The need for public health actions to avert the consequences of the high prevalence of hypertension.cannot be over-emphasized.

Keywords :

Hypertension; obesity; mega city; prevalence; Nigeria.

Full Article - PDF    Page 874-882

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2015/17421

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