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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 8, Issue.: 10

Original-research-article

Increasing Number of Comorbidities is Related to Delay to Surgical Management of a Perforated Peptic Ulcer in Patients who Died

 

Arkadiusz Peter Wysocki1*, Peita M. Webb1, Jennifer Allen2, Therese Rey-Conde2 and John B. North2
1Institutions Logan Hospital Corner Armstrong and Loganlea Roads Meadowbrook Queensland, 4131 Australia.
2Queensland Audit of Surgical Mortality, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Alexandre Zanchenko Fonseca, Department of General Surgery, Univertisty of Santo Amaro, Brazil.
Reviewers:
(1) Fazl Q. Parray, Colorectal Department, Deemed University, Srinagar, India.
(2) Anonymous, India.
(3) Nuhu Sambo, Human Physiology, Bingham University, Nigeria.
(4) Anonymous, India.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/9501

Abstracts

Introduction: The incidence of peptic ulcer disease has declined since the introduction of medical therapy, but the rate of perforated peptic ulcer and associated mortality has remained relatively constant. Delay to definitive treatment is known to adversely affect survival.
Methods: The Australian and New Zealand Audit of Surgical Mortality (ANZASM) retrospectively collects data on patients who died following surgery. To determine which patient characteristics are associated with delayed (not on the day of admission) surgical treatment of a perforated peptic ulcer, all patients who died in Queensland were identified from the ANZASM database.
Results: There were 39 deaths between 2007 and 2013 with a median age was 76 years. The median number of comorbidities was three and American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) class was 4. Twenty nine patients had operative intervention on the day of admission and 10 underwent surgery later. Those with delayed surgery had a greater number of comorbidities (4 vs. 3; p = 0.016) but did not differ with respect to other demographics compared to those who underwent repair on the day of admission. The reviewing surgeon found no management issues in two thirds of patients.
Conclusion: Queensland patients with an increasing number of comorbidities were more likely to have delayed surgical intervention for a perforated peptic ulcer. Surgical delay is a known determinant of survival in patients with a perforated peptic ulcer and surgeons must be especially vigilant in multiply comorbid patients in making the diagnosis and expediting repair.

Keywords :

Mortality; audit; laparoscopy; duodenal ulcer; gastric ulcer; perforated ulcer.

Full Article - PDF    Page 842-847

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2015/18198

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