Quick Menu

Upcoming Journals
  • No Upcoming Journals

British Microbiology Research Journal

British Microbiology Research Journal, ISSN: 2231-0886,Vol.: 7, Issue.: 6

 

Original Research Article

 

Opportunistic Intestinal Protozoan Infections in HIV/AIDS Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in the North West Region of Cameroon

 

 

Ntonifor Helen Ngum1*, Asanji Nelly Ngum2 and Shei Stanley Jini3
1Department of Biological Sciences, University of Bamenda, North West Region, Cameroon.
2Department of Biomedical Sciences, Troy University, Troy, Alabama, United States.
3Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology, University of Buea, South West Region, Cameroon.

 

Abstracts

 

Background: In most developing countries, intestinal parasites are the major cause of morbidity and mortality killing millions of patients each year. Hence, this study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of intestinal protozoans in HIV/AIDS patients on ART in three hospitals in the North West region of Cameroon.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was carried out in three Hospitals in the North West Region of Cameroon, focusing on HIV/AIDS patients who were enrolled for ART in these Hospitals. A total of 320 HIV/AIDS patients aged 1-70 years, of both sexes (230 females and 90 males) participated in the study. Stool samples were collected and processed using direct wet mount, formol-ether concentration technique and modified Ziehl-Neelson staining techniques.
Results: Results obtained showed that out of the 320 stool samples examined, 120 (37.5%) were infected with at least one species of intestinal protozoa. Males showed a significantly higher prevalence of 41.1% (37) as compared to the females 36.09% (83). Prevalence was also significantly higher in the rural areas 42.4%, (87) than in the urban areas 28.7%, (33). The age group with the highest prevalence was that of 31-40 years 40.6%, (43). The prevalence for parasite species was 14.4% for Cryptosporidium parvum, 13.4% for Entamoeba coli, 11.3% for Entamoeba histolytica, 7.8% for Microsporidia, 2.2% for Iodamoeba butschlii and 1.9% for Cystoisospora belli.
Conclusion: The results indicated that opportunistic intestinal infections are a threat to HIV patients in the studied area. Therefore public health measures should be strongly encouraged to improve the life quality of the patients.

 

Keywords :

HIV/AIDS; intestinal parasites; art; diarrhea; Cameroon.

 

Full Article - PDF    Page 269-275    Article Metrics

 

DOI : 10.9734/BMRJ/2015/15737

Review History    Comments

Search this site

Advanced Search

Announcement & News

ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research for Emerging Sources Citation Index

We are delighted to inform that ISI Thomson Reuters selected British Journal of Pharmaceutical Resea...

SCOPUS selected Annual Research & Review in Biology (ARRB)

We are delighted to inform that famous indexing organization SCOPUS (from Elsevier) selected  A...

Index Copernicus Evaluation Result Released

We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization from Pol...

Journal Repository (JR): Permanent Digital Archiving of SDI journals

SDI is happy to announce that all our journals are now permanently archived in Journal Repository (J...

Index Copernicus Value of British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research

  We are delighted to inform that Index Copernicus (a leading indexing organization ...

SDI journal got 35th ranking in Publons

We are delighted to announce (as of 04/01/2016) that British Journal of Medicine and Medical Re...

Growth of SDI and world publication market

As of 2014, total 25,064 journals are competing in World market of journal publication. In 2011, tot...

Publication and site statistics (up to Sept, 2015)

  Number of submission: 22181 (Total up to Sept, 2015) Number of published paper: 10949&n...

Index Medicus selected 15 SDI journals

We are delighted to inform that Index Medicus (IMSEAR) has selected following 15 SDI journals for in...

SCIENCEDOMAIN international received 5844 submissions in 2013

SCIENCEDOMAIN international is pleased to announce that it has received 5844 submissions in 2013, ac...



SCIENCEDOMAIN Awards

  • No Awards listed.

Browser Compatibility : Mozila firefox, Google Crome and IE 7 & above. Creative Commons License Terms & Condition   |   Privacy Policy   |   Join Us   |   Help   |   Contact Us
© Copyright 2010-2017, SCIENCEDOMAIN international. All rights reserved.