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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 6, Issue.: 10

Original-research-article

Child Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Same-Sex Parent Families in the United States: Prevalence and Comorbidities

 

D. Paul Sullins1*

1Department of Sociology, The Catholic University of America, USA.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Domenico De Berardis, Department of Mental Health, National Health Service, Psychiatric Service of Diagnosis and Treatment, “G. Mazzini” Hospital, Italy.
Reviewers:
(1) Renata Marques de Oliveira, University of São Paulo, Brazil.
(2) Rejani.TG, Institute of Behavioral Sciences, Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, India.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/7834

Abstracts

Aims: This paper presents the first population data on attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among children raised by same-sex parents with the aims 1) to test whether residence with same-sex parents is associated with higher ADHD prevalence, and 2) to observe and assess any clinically significant aggravators or comorbidities.
Methodology: Aggregate data for 1997-2013 from the U.S. National Health Interview Survey yielded a representative sample of children from 207,007 households, including 512 with same-sex parents, permitting inferential comparisons.
Results: ADHD was more than twice (OR 2.4, 95% CL 1.6-3.4) as prevalent among children with same-sex parents than in the general population, after controlling for age, sex, ethnicity and parent SES. Comorbidities with general emotional problems and defiance behavior were standard. ADHD risk with same-sex parents was reduced among adopted children (OR 0.54 95% CL .27-1.1), null in the presence of parent psychological distress, and substantially elevated in the presence of stigmatization (OR 7.3 95% CL 1.4-38.1). In same-sex families, children with ADHD were over seven times (OR 7.5 95% CL 1.2-46.8) more likely to suffer stigmatization due to impaired interpersonal coping skills.
Conclusion: Diagnostic intake for ADHD should include parent sexual orientation, and treatment programs should include resources to bolster anti-victimization skills, particularly for children with same-sex parents. Results suggest the presence of shared genetic factors for same-sex attraction and ADHD, though more research is needed to confirm.

Keywords :

National health interview survey; same-sex parents; ADHD; attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; stigmatization.

Full Article - PDF    Page 987-998 Article Metrics

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2015/15897

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