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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 6, Issue.: 2

Original-research-article

Knowledge and Perceptions of Obesity Prevention and Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables among High School Girl Students in Shahr-e-kord

 

Elahe Tavassoli1, Ali Ramezankhani2*, Parvin Mirmiran3, Yadollah Mehrabi4 and Asghar Ashrafi Hafez5
1Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2Department of Public Health, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
4Department of Epidemiology, School of Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
5Obesity Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Mohamed Essa, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman.
(2) Kate S Collison, Department of Cell Biology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Saudi Arabia.
(3) Philippe E. Spiess, Department of Genitourinary Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, USA and Department of Urology and Department of Oncologic Sciences (Joint Appointment), College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA.
Reviewers:
(1) Anonymous, University of Douala, Cameroon.
(2) Alphonsus N. Onyiriuka, Child Health Dept, University of Benin, Nigeria.
(3) Anonymous, S. N. D. T Women’s University, Mumbai, India.
(4) Anonymous, University of the West Indies, Jamaica.
(5) Anonymous, National Public Health Institute, México.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/7264

Abstracts

Background: Obesity is a major public health issue and the prevalence has increased in both the industrialized and developing world. Fruit and vegetable intake has been proposed to protect against Obesity. The purpose of this paper was to assess knowledge and perceptions of obesity prevention and consumption of fruits and vegetables among high school girl students in Shahr-e-kord.
Methods: This descriptive- cross-sectional survey was done on 308 high school girl students, aged 13-14 years, who were selected, based on a simple random selection method from eight schools. Data collected using a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and researcher-made Questionnaire were based on Health Belief Model. Finally, data collected were analyzed by SPSS16.
Results: The findings showed the mean score of knowledge was 39.14±20.40, perceived susceptibility: 31.65±16.40, perceived severity: 36.31±20.02, perceived benefit: 42.69±19.55 and perceived barriers was 40.50±18.59. There was a statistically significant and direct relationship between knowledge and perceived susceptibility and perceived benefit. The number of consumed units per day for fruits was 1.42 and the number of consumed serving per day for vegetables was 1.46. Also there was a statistically significant and indirect relationship between BMI of students with fruit and vegetables intake.
Conclusions: The low level of appropriate practice of fruit and vegetable consumption by students in the study area needs to be improved by health workers and teachers via the mass media, health talks and one-on-one health education of students.

Keywords :

Knowledge; perceptions; consumption of fruits and vegetables; girl students.

Full Article - PDF    Page 200-211 Article Metrics

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2015/12716

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