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British Journal of Applied Science & Technology, ISSN: 2231-0843,Vol.: 5, Issue.: 1

Original-research-article

Effects of the Ingestion of Microwaved Food Items on Some Haematological Parameters in Albino Wistar Rats

 

B. C. Eke1*, N. N. Jibiri2, B. C. Anusionwu1, C. E. Orji1 and E. C. Mbamala1

1Radiation and Health Physics Research Group, Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology, P.M.B.1526, Owerri, Nigeria.
2Department of Physics, University of Ibadan, P.M.B. 16, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Teresa De Pilli, University of Foggia, Department of Science of Agriculture of Food of Environnement (SAFE), Via Napoli, 25; 71100 Foggia, Italy.
(2) Harry E. Ruda, University of Toronto, Centre for Advanced Nanotechnology, University of Toronto, Canada.
Reviewers:
(1) Serdar Öztekin, Department of Farm Machinery & Technologies, Agricultural Faculty, Cukurova University, Turkey.
(2) Anonymous, Qufu Normal University, China.
(3) Anonymous, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nigeria.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/6439

Abstracts

Aim: To determine if there is a correlation between the ingestion of microwaved food items and haematological parameters.
Study Design: Twenty male albino rats weighing between 180-200g were used for the study and randomly assigned into 2 study groups of 10 animals each. The animals
were 10 – 11 weeks old on arrival.
Place and Duration of Study: Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria, between September 2013 and December 2013.
Methodology: Group 2 animals were fed on microwaved food items such as boiled rice and stew, jollof rice, porrage beans, porrage yam and boiled fish while group 1 animals were fed on similar unmicrowaved food items for 3 months. All food items spent only 4 minutes in the microwave oven. Blood samples of the 2 groups were analyzed in the laboratory.
Results: A significant decrease in the means of Red Blood Cell (769.0×104±15.36 to 683.6×104±13.41), White Blood Cell (8.52×103±1.15 to 5.98×103±0.96), Packed Cell Volume (45.28±1.03 to 34.20±1.93), Haemoglobin Concentration (19.18±0.37 to 15.56±0.35), Lymphocytes (72.75±0.99 to 53.70±0.96), monocytes (6.47±0.27 to 5.60±0.36) and eosinophils (3.90±0.20 to 2.64±0.47) counts of group 2 animals was shown when compared to group 1 animals (P = .05). A significant increase in the mean of neutrophils (35.50±0.85 to 42.84±0.68) count of group 2 animals was shown when compared to group 1 animals (P = .05). There was no significant decrease in basophils (1.60±0.37 to 1.42±0.65) count of group 2 animals when compared to group 1 animals (P = .05).
Conclusion: These results suggest that the ingestion of microwaved food items affects some haematological parameters.

Keywords :

Albino wistar rats; differential white blood cell count; haematological parameters; microwave.

Full Article - PDF    Page 99-103

DOI : 10.9734/BJAST/2015/12199

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