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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 5, Issue.: 6

Original-research-article

Determinants of Post-Caesarean Wound Infection in Nnewi, Nigeria

 

Onyema A. Onyegbule1, Comfort N. Akujobi2, Ifeanyichukwu U. Ezebialu3, Arinze C. Nduka2, Ikenna C. Anahalu2, V. E. Okolie1, Innocent I. Mbachu1 and Livinus O. Okor1

1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital (NAUTH), Nnewi, Nigeria.
2Department of Medical Microbiology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria.

3Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Medicine, Anambra State University, Awka, Nigeria.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Chryssoula Staikou, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece and 1st Department of Anaesthesia, Aretaieio Hospital, Athens, Greece.
Reviewers:
(1) Dogukan Yildirim, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
(2) Anonymous, University of Athens, Greece.
(3) Zaheera Saadia, Gynaecology, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia.
(4) Xing Lin Feng, School of Public Health, Peking University, China.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/6413

Abstracts

Background: Delivery by caesarean section has been reported as the single most important risk factor for maternal wound infection. Wound infection is not only a leading cause of prolonged hospital stay but a major cause of widespread aversion to caesarean delivery in developing countries. Despite all these, the determinants of post-caesarean wound infection in Nnewi have remained largely uninvestigated.
Objective: This study was to determine the factors that predispose to post- caesarean wound infection at a tertiary institution in a developing country.
Design: This was a cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Labour ward, Theatre and Post natal ward of NAUTH Nnewi between April to November 2012.
Methodology: All women who had caesarean section, met the inclusion criteria and gave consent were included in the study. They were divided into two groups (Group A and Group B) each comprising 60 women. Group A comprised women who had emergency caesarean section, while those in group B had elective caesarean section. The outcome of their post-caesarean wound was assessed. Statistical analysis (Logistic regression) of identified risk factors in patients who developed wound infection was performed at a 95% confidence interval.
Results: The incidence of post caesarean wound infection was 12.5%. While the infection rate was twelve (20.0%) among women who had emergency caesarean section, it was 3 (5.0%) among those who had elective caesarean section. The identified independent risk factors for wound infections were the duration of membrane rupture more than 24 hours (OR=0.11: 95% CI 0.03-0.47: P =0.003), labour duration more than 12 hours (OR =0.07: 95% CI 0.01-0.32: P =0.001) and the use of subumbilical, midline incision (OR=0.21: 95% CI 0.05-0.91).
Conclusion: The post caesarean wound infection rate in NAUTH was high. Efforts should be geared towards the prevention of prolonged labour by health education, early intervention and use of partograph. Timely intervention for prolonged rupture of membranes would drastically reduce the incidence of wound infection in our area.

Keywords :

Determinants; caesarean section; wound infection; Nnewi.

Full Article - PDF    Page 767-774

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2015/10297

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