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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research

British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 5, Issue.: 5


Original Research Article


Knowledge of Primary Health Care Providers in Nairobi East District, Kenya, Regarding HIV-related Oral Facial and Other Common Oral Diseases and Conditions



Lucina N. Koyio1*, Wil J. M. van der Sanden2*, Elizabeth O. Dimba1, Jan Mulder2, Andre J. A. M. van der Ven3, Matthias A. W. Merkx4 and Jo E. Frencken2

1Department of Primary Health Care Services, Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, P.O. Box 30016, Nairobi, Kenya.
2Department of Global Oral Health, Radboud University Medical Center, College of Oral Sciences, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
3Department of General Internal Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
4Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Nijmegen, Radboud University Medical Center, The Netherlands.




Background: In the Kenya primary health care (PHC) setting where most patients, including nearly 1.4 million HIV-infected people, seek medical care, PHC providers are expected to identify and manage HIV-related oral diseases during general consultations. This study aimed to assess the current knowledge of clinical officers and nurses in Nairobi East district of Kenya regarding HIV-related oral diseases and conditions.
Design and Methods: A 40-item questionnaire was used in interviewing all 57 PHC providers in 2 administrative divisions in the district in a cross-sectional survey. Assessed categories were: knowledge about HIV-related oral lesions, clinical appearance of HIV-suspected conditions, knowledge about oro-pharyngeal candidiasis (OPC), general dental knowledge, common appearances of OPC, knowledge about periodontitis, causes of dental caries, frequency of general oral examinations and past training in oral health topics. The first 4 categories were confirmed as sub domains, with Cronbach’s alpha of 0.57, 0.54, 0.59 and 0.45 respectively.
Results: All 57 PHC providers (15 clinical officers and 42 nurses) completed the questionnaire (response rate 100%). PHC providers did not routinely perform oral examinations.
Their knowledge about HIV-related oral health topics and general oral health was found to be generally inadequate.
Recommendations: A training module on HIV-related oro-facial lesions for Nairobi PHC providers, incorporating a practical session covering oral examinations, is recommended; especially in this high HIV-prevalence environment.


Keywords :

HIV; public health; knowledge Kenya.


Full Article - PDF    Page 651-671    Article Metrics


DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2015/12438

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