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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 5, Issue.: 3

Original-research-article

Impact of Trauma on Palestinian Children’s and the Role of Coping Strategies

 

Abdel Aziz Mousa Thabet1* and Panos Vostanis2

1Department of Psychiatry-School of Public Health - Community Mental Health Al Quds University- Palestine State.
2Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University of Leicester, Greenwood Institute of Child Health, Westcotes House, Westcotes Drive, Leicester LE3 OQU, UK.

Article Information
Editor(s):
(1) Tarek Tawfik Amin, Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt.
Reviewers:
(1) Anonymous, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
(2) Anonymous, Advanced Pain Centers S.C., USA.
(3) Olalekan Ogunsakin, Global Environmental Health Sciences, Tulane University, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, USA.
(4) Michelle A. Bosco, James A. Haley Veterans Affairs Hospital, University of South Florida, 13000 Bruce B. Downs Boulevard (116B),Tampa, FL 33612, USA.
(5) Anonymous, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/6081

Abstracts

Aims: To investigate the impact of war trauma On child mental health; the mediating role of different coping strategies.
Methods: The sample was selected randomly from the five localities of the Gaza Strip that had been exposed to war16 months earlier. Children completed the Gaza Traumatic Events Checklist-20 items-War on Gaza, UCLA PTSD scale, Birleson Depression Scale, Child Revised Manifest Anxiety Scale, and Kidcope for children.
Results: Children reported many traumatic events (mean = 4). One third (32.5%) had partial and 12.4% had full criteria of PTSD. Children living in families with low family monthly income reported more emotional problems. There was significant association between exposure to traumatic events and developing PTSD. The rates of significant anxiety and depressive symptoms were 20.5% and 22.3% respectively.
Girls reported significantly more depressive symptoms than boys. Children commonly used the following coping strategies: wishful thinking, problem-solving, emotional regulation, and distraction. Trauma was negatively correlated with social support and wishful thinking, and positively correlated with self-criticism. Lack of social support and wishful thinking predicted all three types of mental health problems, while social withdrawal specifically predicted depression.
Conclusions: Trauma can have long-standing impact on children’s mental health. Community-based intervention programmes could enhance children’s resilience. Parents, teachers, universal and specialist mental health practitioners have essential roles in the development and delivery of such programmes.

Keywords :

War; Gaza; children; PTSD; depression; anxiety; coping.

Full Article - PDF    Page 330-340

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2015/9578

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