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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 35 (11-20 December)

Original-research-article

Patterns of Alcohol Use among Patients Who Visited Community Emergency Care Services in Southwestern Brazil

 

Margarita Villar Luis1, Luciana Barizon Luchesi1, Sara Pinto Barbosa1*, Karla Selene Lopez2 and Jair Lício Ferreira Santos3

1Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Human Sciences, School of Nursing of Ribeiro Preto, University of São Paulo, USP, Brazil.
2Department of School of Nursing, University of Monterrey, México.
3Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Dr. Jimmy T. Efird, Department of Public Health, Director of Epidemiology and Outcomes Research East Carolina Heart Institute, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Reviewers:

(1) Weldon Korir, Rural Economic Resource Centre, Bandari College, Kenya.

(2) Anonymous

(3) Anonymous

(4) Yves Chaput, McGill University, Canada.

(5) Alessandra Diehl, Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/5769

Abstracts

Alcohol is among the most frequently consumed drugs worldwide. However, identification and intervention measures for alcohol abuse have not yet been established. This article reports the results of applying the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) in 463 patients from five centers for emergency care community in a large city in the interior of São Paulo. The relationship between the AUDIT risk-levels of alcohol use and the socio-demographic variables of individuals seeking treatment between August and November 2010 was also examined. The instrument was administered by seven nurses and six students nurses. Individuals with AUDIT scores ≥07 received brief counseling (BC). The main reasons for seeking emergency care were “headache”, “pain”, and “ill-being”. Among the individuals in the study, 95.9% lived in the municipality where the data was collected, 40.7% had an incomplete elementary school education, and the percentage of alcohol dependence was lower among employed individuals (11.9%). The sample was composed of 61.1% men and 38.6% women. Among the men, 18.7% had scores suggesting dependence, and 48% exhibited hazardous drinking levels; the corresponding proportions among women were 3.3% and 16.7%, respectively. The mean age of the participants was 42 years, and 16.2% of the alcohol-dependent users were aged 30 to 49 years. Alcohol use was recorded as the cause of treatment for 3.4% of the individuals. The administration of the AUDIT in a community emergency care setting proved to be a useful for the early identification of high-risk drinkers.

Keywords :

Alcohol; management substance-related disorders; drug use and abuse.

Full Article - PDF    Page 5689-5698

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2014/9406

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