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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 34 (01-10 December)


Falls in Elderly with Plantar Changes


Prato Sabrina Canhada Ferrari1*, Santos Fânia Cristina2 and Trevisani Virginia Fernandes Moça3
1Department of Medicine and Therapeutics at the Federal University of São Paulo/UNIFESP, Brazil.
2Faculty of Medicine at Federal University of São Paulo, Department of Geriatrics and Gerontology/UNIFESP, Brazil.
3Rheumatology/Federal University of São Paulo, Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics/UNIFESP, Brazil.

Article Information


(1) Dr. Salomone Di Saverio, Emergency Surgery Unit, Department of General and Transplant Surgery, S. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy.


(1) Anonymous

(2) Anonymous

(3) Le Li, Sun Yat-sen University, China.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/5536


Aims: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of falls among older people with plantar changes in order to preserve their autonomy and independence.
Study Design: A cross-sectional, descriptive, analytical study was conducted based on a sample of elderly people.
Place and Duration of the Study: Department of Geriatrics and Gerontology at the Federal University of Sao Paulo/UNIFESP - Brazil, between March, 2007 and December, 2008.
Methodology: The study sample consisted of 100 elderly people of both genders, aged ≥ 60 years. After patients were included in the study, are search protocol was applied with the following information: demographic data (age, gender, race, marital status, housing, and education) and anthropometric data (height, weight, and body mass index (BMI)).
Results: The foot types and major injuries were: 83% had valgus feet, 52% had flat feet, 64% had skin lesions, 63% had lesions, and 53% had toenail deformities. Regarding the number of falls in the previous year, 40% did not report having fallen, 44% fell at least once, and 16% fell two or more times. The frequency of falls among older people with plantar changes in the present study (60%) was relatively higher than in other studies. About half of the general population will be affected by a change in the foot, and the incidence and severity increase with age.
Conclusion: Plantar changes were common among the elderly in this study and can directly affect the balance and gait cycle and, therefore, may be a contributing factor to functional disability and falls in the geriatric population.

Keywords :

Falls; elderly; plantar changes; foot.

Full Article - PDF    Page 5421-5430

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2014/10882

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