British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 34 (01-10 December)
Possible Protective Effects of Garlic, Ginkobiloba and Silymarin on Cisplatin Hepatotoxicity in Protein-Malnourished Rats
Essam Ezzeldin1,2*, Yehia Raslan3, Toqa El-Nahhas4 and Yousif A. Asiri5 1Drug Bioavailability Laboratory, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, P.O. Box, 2457, Riyadh11451, Saudi Arabia.
2Drug Bioavailability Center, National Organization for Drug Control and Research, Cairo, P.O. Box 29, Egypt.
3Pharmacology Department, National Organization for Drug Control and Research, Cairo, P.O. Box 29, Egypt.
4Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy (girl), Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.
5Department of Clinical Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, P.O. Box, 2457, Riyadh11451, Saudi Arabia.
Essam Ezzeldin1,2*, Yehia Raslan3, Toqa El-Nahhas4 and Yousif A. Asiri5
1Drug Bioavailability Laboratory, College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, P.O. Box, 2457, Riyadh11451, Saudi Arabia.
(1) Salomone Di Saverio, Emergency Surgery Unit, Department of General and Transplant Surgery, S. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy.
(1) Ming-Chang Wu, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan.
(3) Ahmed Esmat Abdel Moneim, Helwan University, Egypt.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/5516
Background: Protein malnutrition (PM) is one of the major public health problems in developing countries. Cisplatin (CDDP) is an effective anticancer drug that elicits many hepatotoxicity. CDDP hepatotoxicity restricts its clinical use under long term treatment.
Objectives: The study was carried out to determine the possible protective effects of fresh garlic homogenate (FGH), Ginkobiloba extract (GBE) or silymarin (Sly) on cisplatin hepatotoxicity in protein malnourished rats.
Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into NF set and PM set. Each set divided into control group and seven treated groups received cisplatn and FGH, GBE or Sly and its combinations with cisplatin. Biochemical changes, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), Malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) parameters were evaluated. Liver samples were examined for histopathological changes
Results: Cisplatin increased ALT and AST, as well as liver body weight ratio. ROS parameters showed a significant increase in MDA and nitric oxide (NO) and decrease in glutathione and SOD. PM potentiates cisplatin side effects. FGH, GBE or Sly attenuate cisplatin toxicity and liver histopathological changes.
Conclusion: PM potentiates cisplatin toxicity. FGH, GBE or Sly has partial protective effects against the cisplatin- induced toxicity induced in NF and PM rats.
Cisplatin; protein malnutrition; garlic; ginkobiloba; silymarin; hepatotoxicity; rats.
Full Article - PDF Page 5398-5414
DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2014/9559Review History Comments