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Physical Science International Journal, ISSN: 2348-0130,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 8 (October)


Preparation, Microstructural and Optical Characterization of NiO Nanoparticles


M. A. Kaid1*

1Physics Department, Faculty of Science, El-Minia University, El-Minia, Egypt.

Article Information


(1) Christian Brosseau, Distinguished Professor, Department of Physics, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, France.


(1) Anonymous.

(2) Ashutosh Sharma, University of Seoul, Korea.

(3) Anonymous.

Complete Peer review History:http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/5042


A fine NiO powders were prepared by a homogeneous precipitation method with an aqueous solution of nickel nitrate hexahydrate and citric acid. The microstructure, surface morphology of NiO were characterized by thermo gravimetric (TGA) analysis and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) , infrared (IR) spectroscopy. The experiment results show that the NiO nanoparticles are cubic structure with spherical shape and well dispersed, the particle size distribution ranging from 7 to 28nm with the average particle size is about 15.5nm. The infrared absorption band of NiO nanoparticles shows blue shifts compared with that of bulk NiO. The optical band gap energy value 3.81eV has been determined from absorbance spectra in strong absorption region.

Keywords :

Nanoparticle NiO; XRD; SEM; crystallite size; energy gap.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1100-1109

DOI : 10.9734/PSIJ/2014/11068

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