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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 27 (21-30 September)

Short Communication

Age and Gender Differences in Authorship among University Hospital Physicians in Sweden, Norway and Italy (The HOUPE Study)

 

Lise Tevik Løvseth1*, Ismail Cüneyt Güzey1,2, Ann Fridner3,4, Daria Minucci5 and Olav Morten Linaker1,2

1Department of Research and Development, Division of Psychiatry [AFFU], St Olavs University Hospital, P.O. Box 3008 Lade, NO-7041 Trondheim, Norway.
2Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway.
3Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden.
4Centre of Gender Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
5Department of Oncological Gynecology, University of Padova, Padova, Italy.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Jimmy T. Efird, Department of Public Health, Director of Epidemiology and Outcomes Research, East Carolina Heart Institute, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.

Reviewers:

(1) Mustafa Ozmusul, Harran University, Turkey.

(2) Anonymous.

Complete Peer review History:http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/4997

Abstracts

Background: For decades there has been a prominent gender gap in the number publications among physicians in academic medicine. Increased recruitment of women into medicine and a new generation work force that emphasize work-life balance can contribute to narrow this gap.
Aims: The present study investigates whether younger hospital physicians may display less gender differences in authorship of scientific publications compared to those older of age.
Methodology: Baseline cross-sectional survey data among senior consultants (N=1379) working at public university hospitals in three European countries, participating in the HOUPE study (Health and Organization among University hospital Physicians in Europe).
Analysis: Chi-square tests and logistic regression analysis with probit link function.
Results: There were differences in number of publications based on country where Italy and Sweden reported a significantly higher number of first- or last authorship compared to Norway (Χ2=30.6, P<.001). Logistic regression analysis confirmed gender differences in number of publications and first-and last authorships (P<.001) across all age categories. The rate of increase in number of publications is higher for men than for women physicians.
Conclusion: These findings confirm that scientific production is still more relevant to discuss in terms of gender than generation. It is important to look at factors that are essential to career choice and faculty retention in women in particular but also among women and men in the new generation of physicians.

Keywords :

Senior consultant; research; publication; gender differences; university hospital; Italy; Norway; Sweden.

Full Article - PDF    Page 4582-4590

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2014/10799

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