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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 27 (21-30 September)


Prevalence and Risk Factors of Very Low Birth Weight in Infants Born at the Maternity and Children Hospitals in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia during 2012-2013


Amena Yahya Munshi1, Omar Balbaid2 and Naseem Akhtar Qureshi3*

1Department of Filed Epidemiology, Public Health Administration, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
2Department of Higher Education, Postgraduate Studies Center for Family and Community Medicine, Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
3General Administration of Research and Studies, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Article Information


(1) Arun Kumar Nalla, College of Medicine, University of Illinois, Peoria, IL, USA.


(1) Anonymous.

(2) Catherine M. Ngoma, University of Zambia, Zambia.

Complete Peer review History:http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/4995


Background: The prevalence of low birth weight in infants which is associated with a large number of risk factors is increasing worldwide and is a major cause of infant morbidity and mortality.
Objective: This study aims to describe demographic, clinical and anthropometric profile of VLBW in infants, its prevalence, associated risk factors and maternal medical complications in three Maternity and Children Hospitals in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: Two study designs used in this research selected two convenient samples of VLBW infants for collecting cross-sectional retrospective and prospective data. The clinical records of VLBW infants [n=387] were reviewed retrospectively for estimating the one year prevalence rate while for identifying the possible risk factors of VLBW infants, the medical files of actively admitted patients [n=61] were daily examined for a period of four months.
Results: Beside socio demographic, clinical and anthropometric characteristics of VLBW infants, this study estimated the prevalence of VLBW infants to be 3.3% along with underlying risk factors of VLBW, its comorbidities, and maternal medical complications.

Conclusion: The prevalence of VLBW infants is constantly increasing not only in Saudi Arabia but also worldwide and VLBW is associated with a variety of possible risk factors. There is a need to conduct a nationwide community-based study on the prevalence and risk factors of VLBW infants in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords :

Very low birth weight infants; maternity and children hospitals; prevalence; risk factors; Jeddah; Saudi Arabia.

Full Article - PDF    Page 4553-4569

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2014/11151

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