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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 15 (21-31 May)


Periodontal Health Status of Pregnant Women Attending Various Government Hospitals in Faridabad City, Haryana, India


Gunjan Satija1*, C. M. Marya1, J. Avinash2, Ruchi Nagpal1, Balpreet Kaur Saini4, Rohtash Kapoor3 and Nandita5

1Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Sciences and Research, Faridabad, India.
2Department of Public Health Dentistry, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, KIIT University, Patia, Bhubaneswar, India.
3Department of Prosthodontics, Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research College Sriganganagar, Rajasthan, India.
4Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sri Guru Ram Das Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Sri Amritsar, India.

5Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sri Govind Tricentenary Dental College, Bhudheda Gurgaon, Haryana, India.

Article Information


(1) Jimmy T. Efird, Department of Public Health, Director of Epidemiology and Outcomes Research, East Carolina Heart Institute, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.


(1) Anonymous.

(2) Anonymous.

(3) Anonymous.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/3939


Aims: The aim of the present study was to find out the periodontal health status among pregnant women attending various government hospitals in Faridabad city.
Methodology: This was a descriptive cross sectional single study carried on 800 pregnant women attending various government hospitals in Faridabad city, Haryana. The format consisted of a questionnaire to assess the demographic profile, type of diet, trimester, number of pregnancies, and medical complications if any, perceived oral health problems, oral hygiene attitudes, oral hygiene practices and visit to dentist. The type III clinical examination of all the subjects was done by a single examiner using Plane mouth mirrors and CPITN probe within the Gynaecology section of the hospitals. Periodontal health status was assessed by Community Periodontal index and Loss of attachment index.
Results: Mean age of study participants was 24.53±4.23. More subjects were in third trimester (62.96%). A highest CPI score 2 was found among 53% subjects, where as score 3 was seen among 44.25% and score 4, among 2.75% subjects. Mean number of sextants recorded with CPI score of 2 were 4.06. 78.5% subjects used toothbrush and 81.25% toothpaste for oral hygiene maintenance.
Conclusion: Overall prevalence of periodontitis was 47% and increased with poor oral hygiene practices, thus requiring the necessity of interventions and preventions.

Keywords :

Periodontal status; PREGNANCY; oral health; oral hygiene practices; women and oral health.

Full Article - PDF    Page 2969-2982

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2014/5986

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