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British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 11 (11-20 April)


Breastfeeding Indicators in Jazan Region, Saudi Arabia


Mohamed S. Mahfouz1*, Hala M. Kheir1, Amzeenah A. Alnami2, Ala'a H. Al-Asfour2, Amal R. Awadh2, Ebtesam A. Bahlool2, Mona A. Al-Ghawi2, Suzan A. Al-Hazmi2, Ruba M. Qadri2 and Ahmed A. Ismail1

1Family and Community Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, PO Box 2531, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia.
2Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, PO Box 2531, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia.

Article Information


(1) Mohamed Essa, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman.

(2) Costas Fourtounas, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Greece.

(3) Salomone Di Saverio, Emergency Surgery Unit, Department of General and Transplant Surgery, S. Orsola Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy.

(4) Jimmy T. Efird, Department of Public Health, Director of Epidemiology and Outcomes Research East Carolina Heart Institute, Brody School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.


(1) Anonymous.

(2) Anonymous.

(3) Anonymous.

(4) Anonymous.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/3441


Aims: The study aimed at exploring breastfeeding indicators and examining the effect of some demographic and maternity factors on exclusive breastfeeding among mothers of Jazan region, south west Kingdome of Saudi Arabia (KSA).
Study Design: Observational cross-sectional study design.
Place and Duration of Study: The study conducted in Jazan region, south west Kingdome of Saudi Arabia (KSA), during November 2012
Methodology: Community survey covered a random sample of 400 mothers who have at least one child less than 5 years old. Participants were interviewed using structured questionnaire containing background characteristics and breastfeeding information. Descriptive statistics were used for summarizing study variables. Differences in proportions were compared for significance using Chi Square/Fisher exact test. Logistic regression analysis was also used to test some associations with exclusive breastfeeding. All tests were two-sided and p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant
Results: The majority of the women 93% had ever breastfed their infants (95% C.I. (90.0-95.1)). Prevalence of breastfeeding initiation was 44.1% [95% C.I. (39.1-49.2)] as mothers initiated breastfeeding after less than hour after delivery. The prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding was 26.9%, (95% C.I. (22.6-31.6)). Regarding reasons for discontinuing breastfeeding, the main reason led the mothers to wean their infants was diminished milk supply (45.9%).
Conclusion: The study recommends encouragement of exclusive breastfeeding. Promotion of breastfeeding support groups is essential for advocating the great benefits and advantages of breastfeeding for mothers and their babies.

Keywords :

Exclusive breastfeeding; initiation of breastfeeding; weaning.

Full Article - PDF    Page 2229-2237

DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2014/7197

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