+91 8617752708

American Chemical Science Journal, ISSN: 2249-0205,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 3 (May-June)

Review Article

Progress of Red Mud Utilization: An Overview


Harekrushna Sutar1*, Subash Chandra Mishra1, Santosh Kumar Sahoo1, Ananta Prasad chakraverty1 and Himanshu Sekhar Maharana1

1Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Department, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, Odisha, India.

Article Information


(1) Sudip Kumar Das, Chemical Engineering Department, University of Calcutta, India.

(2) Sang Hak Lee, Professor, Department of Chemistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 702-701, Korea.


(1) Anonymous.

(2) Anonymous.

(3) Anonymous.

(4) Anonymous.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/3252


Red mud is a solid waste residue of the digestion of bauxite ores with caustic soda for alumina production. Its disposal remains a worldwide issue in terms of environmental concerns. During the past decades, extensive work has been done by a lot of researchers to develop various economic ways for the utilization of red mud. This paper provides a review on the comprehensive utilization of red mud globally. The research progress of safe stockpiling of red mud is summarized. Enormous quantity of red mud is generated worldwide every year posing a very serious and alarming environmental problem. This paper describes the production and characterization of bauxite and red mud in view of World and Indian context. It reviews comprehensively the disposal and neutralization methods of red mud and gives the detailed assessment of the work carried until now for the utilization of red mud in different fields. The chemical and mineralogical characteristics of red mud are summarized with their environmental concerns.

Keywords :

Red mud; characterization; disposal; neutralization; comprehensive utilization.

Full Article - PDF    Page 255-279

DOI : 10.9734/ACSJ/2014/7258

Review History    Comments

Our Contacts

Guest House Road, Street no - 1/6,
Hooghly, West Bengal,

+91 8617752708


Third Floor, 207 Regent Street
London, W1B 3HH,

+44 20-3031-1429