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Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, ISSN: 2456-9119, ISSN: 2231-2919 (past),Vol.: 24, Issue.: 5

Review Article

Synopsis of Research Methodologies: A Brief Guide for Pharmacists


Ahmed Ibrahim Nouri1*, Abdikarim Mohamed Abdiand Mohamed Azmi Hassali3

1Discipline of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia.

2Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Near East University, Near East Boulevard P.O. Box: 922022, Nicosia, Northern Cyprus, Mersin 10, Turkey.

3Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia.

Article Information


(1) Dr. Syed A. A. Rizvi, Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hampton University School of Pharmacy, Hampton, USA.

(2) Dr. Vasudevan Mani, Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Pharmacy, Qassim University, Buraidah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


(1) Manickam Tamilselvi, Osmania University, India.

(2) Surajpal Verma, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, India.

(3) Abhishek Raj, India.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/27864


Research is a scientific way of answering questions and testing hypothesis in order to generate new knowledge or validate existing knowledge. Pharmacists, other than their functions in dispensing drugs, they could pursue roles in various areas such as clinical research, research and development, quality assurance, and pharmacy practice research. Every investigation has a study design, types of study design used are dependent on types of questions to be answered and types of research (i.e., qualitative or quantitative research). This review presents a brief overview of general quantitative study designs, sampling methods, data collection, and data analysis. Additionally, qualitative study designs, sampling methods, data collection and interviewing process, qualitative data handling and its analysis.

Keywords :

Research; quantitative design; qualitative design; sampling; analysis.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-16

DOI : 10.9734/JPRI/2018/42207

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