Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, ISSN: 2457-0591, ISSN: 2231-0606 (Past),Vol.: 28, Issue.: 6
Effect of Potassium Concentration on Some Agrophysiological Parameters of Pineapple Plants (Ananas comosus L. cv. Smooth Cayenne and MD2) Grown in Côte d'Ivoire
Coulibaly Souleymane1*, Yapo Sopie Edwige Salomé2, Ouattara Généfol3 and Kouakou Tanoh Hilaire1 1Universite Nangui Abrogoua, UFR des Sciences de la Nature, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire. 2Universite Jean Lorougnon Guédé, UFR Agroforesterie, BP 150 Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire. 3Universite Félix Houphouët Boigny, UFR Biosciences, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire.
Coulibaly Souleymane1*, Yapo Sopie Edwige Salomé2, Ouattara Généfol3 and Kouakou Tanoh Hilaire1
1Universite Nangui Abrogoua, UFR des Sciences de la Nature, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire.
2Universite Jean Lorougnon Guédé, UFR Agroforesterie, BP 150 Daloa, Côte d’Ivoire.
3Universite Félix Houphouët Boigny, UFR Biosciences, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22, Côte d’Ivoire.
(1) Dr. Slawomir Borek, Professor, Department of Plant Physiology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland.
(1) Amal Hegazi, Agriculture Research Center, Egypt.
(2) Miguel Aguilar Cortes, Universidad Autonoma Del Estado De Morelos, Mexico.
(3) Olmar Baller Weber, Embrapa Tropical Agroindustry, Brazil.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/27643
Introduction: The Ivorian production of pineapple was on the decrease from 213620 t in 1999 to 30000 t in 2013. This decline in the production of pineapple would in part be linked to the quality of the fruit that is acid and especially the sensitivity of the fruit to browning enzymatic. The deterioration of the fruit quality would be due to the absence of good adequate cultural practice.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the level of concentration of potassium applied on the physiological state of the pineapple plant.
Place and Duration of the Study: The experimental tests were conducted on the site of Nangui Abrogoua University (Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire) from July 2015 to the end of October 2016.
Methodology: Four applications of potassium were applied in the 2nd, 4th, 6th and 7th month after sowing, with 20 g of K2O/plant (T0), 28 g of K2O/plant (T1), 34 g of K2O/plant (T2), 40 g of K2O/plant (T3).The chlorophyll content, potassium and proline accumulation as the biomass of the sheet of pineapples to the floral induction have been determined as a function of the amount of potassium applied to the plant.
Results: The results showed that the biomass and leaf area of pineapple increase with the amount of potassium applied up to 34 g of K2O/plant. The excess of this nutrient entails a reduction of the chlorophyll synthesis and accumulation of proline in the leaves.
Conclusion: In addition to the report K/N (which must not exceed 2.5), the additional inputs of potassium in the culture of the pineapples must also consider the report K/Mg=1 for a good productivity.
Pineapple; biomass; chlorophyll; proline; Côte d'Ivoire; Ananas comosus.
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DOI : 10.9734/JEAI/2018/45079Review History Comments