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Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, ISSN: 2457-0591, ISSN: 2231-0606 (Past),Vol.: 25, Issue.: 6

Original-research-article

Application of Silicon to Alleviate Irrigation Water Salinity in Melon Growth

 

Fernando Antônio Lima Gomes1, Railene Hérica Carlos Rocha Araújo1, Jackson Silva Nóbrega2, Reynaldo Teodoro de Fátima2*, Márcio Santos da Silva1, Adriana Silva Santos1, Albert Einstein Mathias de Medeiros Teodósio1 and Carlos Jardel Andrade Oliveira2

1Postgraduate Program in Tropical Horticulture, Center of Science and Agri-Food Technology, Federal University of Campina Grande, Pombal, Brazil.

2Postgraduate Program in Agronomy, Center of Agrarian Sciences, Federal University of Paraíba, Areia, Brazil.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Dr. Moreira Martine Ramon Felipe, Associate Professor, Departamento de Enxeñaría Química, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Reviewers:

(1) Florin Sala, Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania" from Timisoara, Romania.

(2) Hani Mansour, Egypt.

(3) I. Rashmi, ICAR-IISWC, India.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/26186

Abstracts

Aims: The present study aimed to assess the alleviating effect of silicon in salinity on melon growth.

Study Design: The experimental design was in randomised blocks, corresponding to the with four salt levels and three doses of silicon.

Place and Duration of Study: The experiment was conducted in a protected environment at Center of Sciences and Agri-Food Technology of the Federal University of Campina Grande, Campus of Pombal, Paraiba, Brazil, between october and December 2017.

Methodology: The experiment was randomised blocks, in a 4x3 factorial scheme, with four salt levels (0.3, 1.3, 2.3 and 3.3 dS m-1) and three doses of silicon (Sí1) = 0; (Sí2) = 3.2; (Sí3) = 6.4 g.L-1 per plant, applied via soil with four repetitions of 12 plants. As vegetable material the 'Hales Best Jumbo' melon hybrid of the Cantaloupensis group was used.

Results: Salinity severely affected the leaf area, shoot dry weight and total weight and the Dickson quality index. On the other hand, silicon had a significant effect on leaf number, plant height, stem diameter, root length, number of flowers, and number of flower buds, root dry weight and extravasation of electrolytes.

Conclusion: The application of silicon alleviated the salinity effect favoring melon growth, especially when the dose of 3.2 g. L-1 was applied.

Keywords :

Cucumis melo L.; salinity stress; alleviation.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-9 Article Metrics

DOI : 10.9734/JEAI/2018/43767

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