British Journal of Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2231-0614,Vol.: 4, Issue.: 5 (11-20 February)
Original Research Article
Burden and Pattern of Cancer in the Sudan, 2000-2006
Mohammed Elimam Mohammed1, Ammar Mohamed Hassan2, Hala Ahmed Abdelhadi2, Mohamed Gamaleldin Elsadig2, Dalal Mohamed Adam2, Khalid Elmamoun2, Rania Hamid2, Hiba Elias2, Mohamed Abdallah2, Zaki Abdelkarim2, Nasr Eldin Elwali3 and Sulma Ibrahim Mohammed4*
1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of medicine, Sudan.
2Sudan Atomic Energy Commission, Sudan.
3Gezira University, Wadmadani, Sudan.
4Department of Comparative Pathobiology and Purdue University Center for Cancer Research, Purdue University, West Lafayette IN, USA.
Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the number of newly diagnosed cancer cases and their distribution in two cancer-care providing facilities in Sudan.
Study Design: This is a retrospective descriptive study.
Methodology: Data was retrieved from patients’ records that were diagnosed and treated at the Radiation Isotope Center in Khartoum (RICK) and National Cancer Institute at Wadmadani (NCI -UG) in Sudan over the period between 2000 and 2006 and then statistically analyzed.
Results: A total of 26652 cancer cases were retrieved with a noticeable increase in numbers from year 2000 to 2006. The maximum cancer number was observed in 45-64 year age group in both male and female patients with a male to female ratio of 1.3:1.0. The most common cancer sites for females were: the breast (29.3%), cervix uteri (8.2%), leukemia (7.2%), ovary (6.8%), and esophagus (5.9%) and for males: were prostate (7.6%), followed by leukemia, (7.0%), NHL (6.8%), esophagus (5.4%) and bladder (4.4), while leukemia (25.2%), NHL (12.4%), lymphoma (10.8%), retinoblastoma (6.6%) and brain tumors (3.3%) dominated in younger patients (<14 years old).
Conclusions: This study provided some knowledge about the cancer situation in two institutions providing cancer care in Sudan that may draw attention of policy maker and aid in formulating appropriate cancer-control strategies in the country.
Cancer; incidence; epidemiology; Sudan; hospital based; Khartoum; central states; Africa.
Full Article - PDF
DOI : 10.9734/BJMMR/2014/6863