Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, ISSN: 2457-0591, ISSN: 2231-0606 (Past),Vol.: 24, Issue.: 5
Effect of Foliar Application of Liquid Nutrient Solution on Morpho-physiology, Quality and Yield Performance of Chilli (Capsicum frutescens) Germplasm
Md. Shah Newaz Chowdhury1, Kamal Uddin Ahamed1, Tania Sultana2* and Rabiul Islam3 1Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh. 2Department of Agroforestry and Environmental Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh. 3Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.
Md. Shah Newaz Chowdhury1, Kamal Uddin Ahamed1, Tania Sultana2* and Rabiul Islam3
1Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.
2Department of Agroforestry and Environmental Science, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.
3Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh.
(1) Dr. Mariusz Cycon, Professor, Department and Institute of Microbiology and Virology, School of Pharmacy, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of Silesia, Poland.
(1) Raúl Leonel Grijalva-Contreras, Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Forestales Agricolas y Pecuarias, México.
(2) S. A. C. N. Perera, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
(3) Mónica Guadalupe Lozano Contreras, National Institute of Forest Research Agricultural and Livestock, Mexico.
(4) Karistsapol Nooprom, Songkkhla Rajabhat University, Thailand.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/25489
Aims: An experiment was conducted to study the influence of commercially available liquid fertilizers on local chilli germplasm.
Study Design: The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design with four replications.
Place and Duration of Study: The experiment was conducted in the crop field of the Department of Agricultural Botany, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka-1207, during the period from October 2015 to July 2016.
Methodology: The experiment consist of three levels of locally available common liquid fertilizers (F0 = Control, F1 = Calsol, F2 = Wuxal) which is a blend of more than one macro and micronutrients. F1 (Calsol) and F2 (Wuxal) were applied @ 21 ml per 7 litre water for 168 m2 of land at every 15 days interval. Foliar application was started from 30 days after setting up the experiment and continued up to 120 days.
Results: Maximum plant height (59.5 cm) and branches (33.0) plant-1, leaf number (78.4) plant-1 Chlorophyll content (57.1%), flowers plant-1 (68.7), vitamin C content in green chilli fruits (75.28 mg/100 g fruit) and dry chilli (39.47 mg/100 g fruit), protein content (3.9%) were obtained from (Calsol) F1 and minimum from (control) F0 (57.0 cm), (23.8) and (67.2) plant-1, (49.5%), (47.8), (58.80 mg/100 g), (29.77 mg/100 g) and (2.9%). Application of waxul gave the maximum leaf area plant-1 (95.9 cm2) at 85 days after transplanting (DAT) which was identical with calsol (92.2 cm2) and the control gave the minimum (78.0 cm2). Liquid fertilizers application in leaves highest fresh weight of 50 fruit and dry weight of fruit (81.3 g and 15.7 g), single fruit weight (2.6 g), length (76.2 mm) and diameter (9.9 mm), fruit pant-1 (214.8), 1000 seed weight (3.5 g), yield pant-1 (466.7 g) and fresh yield (17.6 t ha-1) were achieved from treatment F1 (calsol) as minimum amount of 50 fresh fruit and dry fruit weight (64.9 g and 11.2 g), single fruit weight (1.9 g), length (60.8 mm), diameter (7.6 mm), number of fruit pant-1 (139.1), 1000 seed weight (2.9 g), yield pant-1 (229.4 g) and fresh yield (12.8 t ha-1) were found from F0.
Conclusion: In view of overall performances, this study suggests that Calsol (F1) as a potential source of plant liquid fertilizer for improving morphophysiology, yield and quality of local varietie of chilli.
Capsicum frutescens; foliar fertilizer; fruit quality; growth and yield.
DOI : 10.9734/JEAI/2018/42318Review History Comments
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