South Asian Journal of Research in Microbiology, XXXX,Vol.: 1, Issue.: 4
Review on the Potentials of Cow (Bos indicus) Based Bioenhancers in Increasing Crop Yield and Farmers Income as well as the Soil Health and Environmental Sustainability
Ashwani Kumar1*, Suman Baliyan1, Akansha Kushwaha1, Amit Panwar1 and Nidhi Pundir2 1Faculty of Biosciences, Shri Ram College, Muzaffarnagar, UP-251001, India. 2Faculty of Basic Science, Shri Ram College, Muzaffarnagar, UP-251001, India.
Ashwani Kumar1*, Suman Baliyan1, Akansha Kushwaha1, Amit Panwar1 and Nidhi Pundir2
1Faculty of Biosciences, Shri Ram College, Muzaffarnagar, UP-251001, India.
2Faculty of Basic Science, Shri Ram College, Muzaffarnagar, UP-251001, India.
(1) Dr. Ana Claudia Coelho, Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Tras-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Portugal.
(1) Shipra Jha, Amity University, India.
(2) Khalifa Muhammad Aljameel, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto, Nigeria.
(3) Godwin Michael Ubi, University of Calabar, Nigeria.
(4) Bhupen K. Baruah, JB College, India
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/25472
The haphazard use of the chemical fertilizers and pesticides has detrimental effects on soil health, human health, groundwater quality and environment. This will cause more dangerous consequences for future productivity. Present status of all food grain production is in enough quantity for the population of our country but there is need to enhance the quality of food production, quality of soil, quality of ground water and quality of a healthy environment for better livelihood. These qualities can be obtained by replacing toxic chemicals through natural and organic input which is more vital for present prospect and future outlook. The “Cow” occupies the highest place of honour in Indian civilization. She is supposed to fulfil all desires of human beings, hence known as “Kamdhenu”. Owing to ignorance, after stopping of milk production, they are left uncared for forced to live extensively and eat polythene and other wastes in towns and cities. It is interesting that in Indian agricultural systems “Cow” particularly those with a hump (indigenous breed) is one of the key components, hence provision of at least one cow per hectare need to be promoted for Jaivik Krishi activities in organic farming. This review paper attempts to bring together the different use of cow based organic formulations in crop production and protection. It has been reported that organic formulation in crop production is productive and sustainable, but there is a need for strong support to it in the form of manifestation of subsidies, agricultural extension services and intensive research with solid proofs. With these efforts we can fulfil the dream of our present government; to double the income of Indian farmers.
Bos indicus; cow-dung; cow-urine; bioenhancers; sustainable agriculture; organic farming.
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