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Journal of Scientific Research and Reports, ISSN: 2320-0227,Vol.: 19, Issue.: 3

Review Article

Genotype by Environment Interaction on Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) Cipira Variety in the Western Highlands of Cameroon

 

D. K. Njualem1, S. S. Meka2* and E. T. Tchio3

1School of Tropical Agriculture and Natural Resources, Catholic University of Cameroon (CATUC), P.O.Box 782, Bamenda, Cameroon.

2Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), P.O.Box 80 Bamenda, Cameroon.

3College of Technology (COLTECH), University of Bamenda, P.O.Box 39, Bambili, Cameroon.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Corina Carranca, National Institute of Agricultural Research and Veterinary (INIAV), Research Unit of Environment and Natural Resources (UIARN), Portugal.

(2) Anita Biesiada, Associate Professor, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wroclaw 50-363 Plac Grunwaldzki 24a, Poland.

(3) Luigi Rodino, Professor of Mathematical Analysis, Dipartimento di Matematica, Università di Torino, Italy.

Reviewers:

(1) Namo, O. A. Timothy, University of Jos, Nigeria.

(2) Zoran Jovović, University of Montenegro, Montenegro.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/24612

Abstracts

Variations in biological systems are due to genetic and environmental influences. Climate change has caused serious damages in potato production worldwide. A literature review on previous research works carried out in the Western Highlands of Cameroon aimed at determining the effects of genotype by environmental interaction on Cipira variety yield within 24 years. Yield loss of 35-65% was recorded for the production of ware and seed potato in the Western Highlands. A shift in planting seasons was observed over the years due to changes in climatic conditions. Diseases and pests were found to be on the increase in potato fields. The frequency of chemical control of disease pathogens rose from two to sixteen sprays per cropping season within the 24 years in the Western  Highlands. Consequently, the cost of production for fungicides  purchased to control late blight in potato increased from US$84 to US$672. This review recommends research on using potato genotypes possessing minor genes to develop varieties of short and long cycles, heat-stress, disease resistance and high yields for the Western Highlands of Cameroon.

Keywords :

Genotype; potato; climate change; production; diseases; environment.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-9 Article Metrics

DOI : 10.9734/JSRR/2018/40588

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