Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2456-8899, ISSN: 2231-0614 (Past),Vol.: 26, Issue.: 6
Screening for Obesity during the World Health Day in Ogboloma, a Small Rural Settlement in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria
Oghenekaro Godwin Egbi1* and Dimie Ogoina1 1Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
Oghenekaro Godwin Egbi1* and Dimie Ogoina1
1Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Okolobiri, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
(1) Kate S. Collison, Department of Cell Biology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre, Saudi Arabia.
(1) Mra Aye, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Malaysia.
(2) Arthur N. Chuemere, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
(3) Oguz Ozcelik, Fırat University, Turkey.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/24598
Aims: To determine the prevalence and correlates of generalized and central obesity in a small rural Ijaw community in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. This is essential in the primary prevention of diseases associated with obesity.
Study Design: Place and Duration of Study: The study was cross-sectional in design. Participants were recruited through a consecutive sampling of all eligible participants who presented for a screening exercise during the world health day in April 2012. The study site was Ogboloma, a small rural population in Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
Methodology: Socio-demographic data, clinical history, anthropometry and blood pressures were taken. Confidentiality was maintained. Data were stored and analyzed using SPSS version 20.0.
Results: Generalized obesity was found in 12.2% of participants while 23.7% were overweight. A total of 47(35.9%) individuals either had generalized obesity or were overweight. Central obesity was more prevalent among females across the three different criteria. Waist hip ratio identified more participants as obese (69.5%) compared with waist circumference (51.1%) and waist height ratio (57.3). The predictors of generalized obesity were age and education while central obesity was predicted mainly by gender.
Conclusion: The prevalence of obesity in this rural community was high and compares with recent trends. There is a need for regular screening of communities for obesity so that affected individuals can be managed properly to minimize the risk of attendant complications.
Bayelsa state; central obesity; generalized obesity; ogboloma; world health day.
Full Article - PDF Page 1-8
DOI : 10.9734/JAMMR/2018/41219Review History Comments