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Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 2394-1073,Vol.: 14, Issue.: 4

Original-research-article

Floristic Diversity and Structure of Cocoa Agro-Ecosystems in Southeastern Cameroon

 

V. Noiha Noumi1*, L. Zapfack2, Adamou Bessa Bienvenu2, J. R. Ngueguim3, C. Chimi Djomo2, V. Awé Djongmo1, J. D. Ngossomo1, R. M. Hamadou1, B. Nyeck1, N. Witanou1 and R. B. Tabue Mbobda2
1Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Ngaoundere, P.O.Box 454, Ngaoundere, Cameroon.
2Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, P.O.Box 812, Yaounde, Cameroon.
3Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), BP 77 Limbe-Batoké, Cameroon.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Claudius Marondedze, Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

(2) Daniele De Wrachien, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, State University of Milan, Italy.

Reviewers:

(1) James N. Nwite, Ebonyi State University, Nigeria.

(2) MI Ferreira, Specialist Scientist University of Pretoria, South Africa.

(3) Nishita Giri, Forest Research Institute, India.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/24595

Abstracts

The study was carried out in two localities surrounding the national park of Lobeke in Cameroon. It aims to evaluate floristic diversity and carbon stock in Cocoa agro-ecosystems. 44 plots (25 x 25 m) were established in 15 agro-ecosystems of different ages to identify all timbers of at least 10 cm of Diameter of Breast Height (DBH). 2,676 individuals of timbers and 42 bananas belonging to 32 families, 68 genera and 74 species were recorded. The most abundant families were Malvaceae (80.1%), Mimosaceae (4.6%), Euphorbiaceae (2.5%), Cecropiaceae (2.3%), Moraceae (1.3%) and Apocynaceae (1.1%). Theobroma was the most abundant genus (79.2%), followed Albizia (4.33%), Myrianthus (1.57%), Macaranga (1.12%) and Antiaris (1.08%). Biomass was estimated at 140 Mg C.ha-1. In timbers, carbon stock was estimated at 128.7 Mg C/ha. That of litters was estimated at 7.7 Mg C/ha; herbs at 2.53 Mg C/ha; roots at 1.43 Mg C/ha and bananas at 0.5 Mg C/ha. Carbon stocks from this agro-ecosystem were compared to data recorded in Costa Rica and India. Several species used as non-timber forest products during dry season were recorded. Cocoa agro-ecosystems could be assimilated to a carbon well; and consequently as an attenuation and adaptation measure in mitigating climate change.

Keywords :

Adaptation; agro-ecosystem; attenuation; biodiversity; carbon stocks; climate change.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-9 Article Metrics

DOI : 10.9734/JAERI/2018/28264

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