Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, ISSN: 2457-0591, ISSN: 2231-0606 (Past),Vol.: 22, Issue.: 6
Impact of Pesticides Application on Epigeic Fauna in Tomato Cultivation
Arthur Prudêncio de Araujo Pereira1*, Maurício Rumenos Guidetti Zagatto1, Pedro Avelino Maia de Andrade1, Adijailton José de Souza1 and Cesar Auguste Badji2 1Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Brazil. 2Unit Academic of Garanhuns, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil.
Arthur Prudêncio de Araujo Pereira1*, Maurício Rumenos Guidetti Zagatto1, Pedro Avelino Maia de Andrade1, Adijailton José de Souza1 and Cesar Auguste Badji2
1Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Brazil.
2Unit Academic of Garanhuns, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Brazil.
(1) Mariusz Cycon, Professor, Department and Institute of Microbiology and Virology, School of Pharmacy, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of Silesia, Poland.
(1) Fatik Baran Mandal, Bankura Christian College, India.
(2) Prisila A. Mkenda, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania.
(3) Mohammed Suleiman, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Nigeria.
(4) R. P. Soundararajan, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, India.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/24440
Our comprehension on the effects of the pesticide on soil epigeic invertebrates, especially non-target organisms in tomato cultivation is still incipient. We aimed to study the epigeic fauna from spots with and without insecticide application in Brejão municipally, Pernambuco, Brazil. The experiment was composed of three treatments: Two tomato crop production (two tomato varieties SUPERA and TY10) under high insecticide application; and a native fragment in Atlantic Forest without insecticide application. Epigeic fauna was evaluated using pitfall traps, sampled in eleven periods. They were identified at the level of order and, when possible, family. We used univariate statistic to find the difference between treatments, and multivariate statistic to verify the dissimilarity between treatments. We sampled 2571 invertebrates, distributed within 7 orders. Even among those, Coleoptera was more frequently sampled. The orders that mostly discriminated the areas were Coleoptera and Diptera. Within the order Coleoptera, the families Lycidae, Nitidulidae, Tenebrionidae and Cantharidae had greater contribution to the areas separation. The pesticides application had a strong effect on non-target organisms, reducing the Coleoptera family’s richness when compared with the no-pesticides area (Treatment 3).
Coleoptera richness; Pitfall traps; entomo-fauna; insecticides; insects.
Full Article - PDF Page 1-9
DOI : 10.9734/JEAI/2018/41008Review History Comments