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Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, ISSN: 2456-8899, ISSN: 2231-0614 (Past),Vol.: 26, Issue.: 2


Human Development Index and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases


L. A. R. Takahashi1, D. T. Cardial1*, I. L. Argani1, L. R. R. Arnoni1, V. N. Cury1, L. F. A. C. C. Silva1, A. O. Júnior1 and S. D. F. Borato1

1Faculty of Medicine of ABC, Santo André, São Paulo, Brazil.

Article Information


(1) Syed Faisal Zaidi, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University-HS, National Guard Health Affairs, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.


(1) Mobolaji Adewale Oludara, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Nigeria.

(2) Anyanee Burodom, Thammasat University, Thailand.

(3) Chaohui Yu, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, China.

Complete Peer review History:


Background: Inflammatory Bowel Disease has a growing incidence, especially in countries with increasing urbanization and increasing exposure to risk factors leading to inflammatory bowel disease. Such morbidity is still marked by the lack of epidemiological studies in the world.

Aims: To determine whether there is a correlation between the Human Development Index and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases in Brazil; and if there are variations between the different states of Brazil.

Methods: The Ecological study on secondary data analysis of Brazilian population diagnosed according to ICD-10 with Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis, from 2010 to 2014. The Ministry of Health provided data collection. We used mean and standard deviation for quantitative variables with normal distribution, and Pearson Test for the correlation between hospitalization for inflammatory bowel disease, type of hospitalization and Human Development Index for each year studied.

Results: The correlation between the Human Development Index in Brazil and the total number of hospitalizations for inflammatory bowel diseases each year was shown to be moderate positive (p <0.01). In the descriptive analysis per year, the mean hospitalization and the Human Development Index remained constant, and the standard deviation was relatively high.

Conclusion: There is a correlation between inflammatory bowel disease and Human Development Index in Brazil.


Keywords :

Inflammatory bowel disease; epidemiology.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-8

DOI : 10.9734/JAMMR/2018/40710

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