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European Journal of Medicinal Plants

European Journal of Medicinal Plants, ISSN: 2231-0894,Vol.: 22, Issue.: 4

Review Article

A Review on Traditional and Pharmacological Uses of Croton bonplandianum with Special Reference to Phytochemical Aspect


Tanmay Ghosh1, M. K. Biswas2*, Pradipta Roy1 and Chiranjib Guin1

1Department of Microbiology, Rabindra Mahavidyalaya, Champadanga, Hooghly, W.B., India.

2Department of Plant Protection, Palli Siksha Bhavana, Visva-Bharati, Sriniketan, Birbhum, W.B., India.


Article Information


(1) Shanfa Lu, Professor, Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, China.

(2) Paola Angelini, Department of Applied Biology, University of Perugia, Italy.

(3) Marcello Iriti, Professor, Plant Biology and Pathology, Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Milan State University, Italy.


(1) Muhammad Ali, Kano University of Science and Technology, Nigeria.

(2) Dorsaf Moalla Rekik, Tunisia.

(3) Paula Mendonça Leite, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, & Centro Universitário UNA, Brazil.

(4) Bhaskar Sharma, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, India.

(5) Mohsen Kerkeni, Higher Institute of Biotechnology, University of Monastir, Tunisia.

(6) Daohong Chen, China.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/23876




Plant-based traditional medicine system continues to play a vital role in the healthcare system with about 80% of the world’s inhabitants relying mainly on traditional medicines for their primary health care. Modern knowledge on medicinal plant research till contains at least 25% drugs and many others, which are synthetic analogues, built on prototype compounds isolated from medicinal plants. The ongoing growing recognition of medicinal plants is due to escalating faith in herbal medicine. There are many contradictory theories on the subject of herbal Medicines and their relationship regarding with human physiology and mental function. There is a need to develop evaluative data by using sophisticated modern techniques of standardization of Ayurvedic formulations to tackle the issues of negative criticism of Ayurvedic formulations and increased toxicity reports. These kinds of phytochemical investigation both qualitatively and quantitatively will help in understanding the phytochemical composition and safety of herbal formulation. Croton bonplandianum Baill is often called Ban Tulsi (Jungle tulsi). The parts of plant are widely used in traditional system of medicine such as hepatoprotective, swelling of the body, cure against ring worms and skin disease, antihypertensive, antioxidant, wound healing, antifungal, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antitumor, anticancer, acute constipation, abdominal dropsy, internal abscesses, antifertility, antispasmodic, antiseptic, antidote, analgesic, repellent property against insects, nematicide, anticoronary, anti-inflammatory, larvicidal activity, antihelmentic, this is also used for treatment of cholera, boils, bowel complaints, chicken pox, diarrhoea, dysentry, eye diseases, cold and coughs, epilepsy, gastric disorders, insanity, jaundice, liver complaints, scurvy, sprains, malaria, rheumatism, and so on. Due to its slow rate of conventional multiplication, the plant is very high in demand. In this review report we collected information related to taxonomy, monographs, distribution, morphology, phytochemistry, traditional uses and pharmacological studies of Croton bonplandianum Baill plant in details.


Keywords :

Pharmacological uses; Croton bonplandianum; phytochemical; herbal medicine; ayurvedic formulation; biological activity; bioactive compounds.


Full Article - PDF    Page 1-10    Article Metrics


DOI : 10.9734/EJMP/2018/40697

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