Advances in Research, ISSN: 2348-0394,Vol.: 13, Issue.: 5
Calibration of Inductive Electromagnetic Meter for Determining Electrical Conductivity of UAS, Raichur Soil
Naseeb Singh1*, Premanand B. Dashavant2, K. Sudarshan2 and Laxmi Kant Dhruw1 1Department of AgFE, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721 302, India. 2Department of SWC, CAE, University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Raichur, Karnataka, 585 401, India.
Naseeb Singh1*, Premanand B. Dashavant2, K. Sudarshan2 and Laxmi Kant Dhruw1
1Department of AgFE, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur, West Bengal, 721 302, India.
2Department of SWC, CAE, University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Raichur, Karnataka, 585 401, India.
(1) Lung-Chien Chen, Professor, Department of Electro-optical Engineering, National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan.
(2) Omveer Singh, Department of Electrical Engineering, School of Engineering, Gautam Buddha University, India.
(1) Rafael Montanari, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Brasil.
(2) Juan Herrero, Spain.
(3) Buba Apagu Ankidawa, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Nigeria.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/23174
EM-38 electromagnetic induction sensor is a most useful instrument to determine the soil salinity. Significant positive correlation found between inductive electromagnetic meter (IEM) readings and saturated paste extract electrical conductivity (EC) revealed that this technique could be used for determination of soil salinity. However, calibration of the instrument is necessary for interpretation of instrument readings in terms of meaningful parameters of soil salinity. The calibration equations developed elsewhere may not predict electrical conductivity of UAS, Raichur soil accurately. So, in this study, calibration of EM-38 was carried out to find the soil salinity of experimental site soil. A multiple linear regression equation was developed which valid up to 20 cm depth after calibration of the instrument for experimental site soil and this equation considered reliable as it showed a significant positive correlation between predicted and measured soil salinity values. Co-efficient of determination (R2) value was 0.817 between predicted and measured EC values. While salinity measurements made with the EM-38 are not highly accurate, but measurements within reasonable accuracy can be made very rapidly. Hence, this equation enables the user of the EM-38 to derive a realistic index of salinity of soil under consideration in terms of EC.
Soil salinity; soil electrical conductivity; EM-38; electromagnetic induction.
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DOI : 10.9734/AIR/2018/38797Review History Comments