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Journal of Pharmaceutical Research International, ISSN: 2456-9119, ISSN: 2231-2919 (past),Vol.: 21, Issue.: 1


Self-Medication with Analgesics: Knowledge and Attitudes of Senior Medical Students and Interns at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia


Nahla Khamis Ibrahim1,2* and Banan Mohamed Alamoudi1

1Department of Family and Community Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

2Department of Epidemiology, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.

Article Information
(1) Jinyong Peng, Professor, College of Pharmacy, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China.
(2) Rahul S. Khupse, Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Findlay, USA.
(1) Elyan Edwige Barbara Vololonarivelo, University of Antananarivo, Madagascar.
(2) Denise Bueno, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/23126


Aim: The study was conducted to assess the knowledge and attitudes of clinical years’ medical students and interns towards self-medications with analgesics, King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study design was conducted among senior medical students (4th- 6th year) and interns at the medical college of KAU. A multistage stratified random sampling technique was used. A confidential, validated, self-administered questionnaire was used. It inquired about personal and socio-demographic information. It contained 10 questions asked about their knowledge concerning self-medication with analgesics. The knowledge score was calculated, ranged from 0-10. It was categorized into: satisfactory score (≥7), fair score (5 - <7) and poor score (< 5). Their attitudes towards analgesic self-medication were determined through rating 10 attitudes’ statements on a 3-points Likert scale. Descriptive and inferential statists were done.

Results: Only 48% of the participants obtained a satisfactory knowledge score about self-medication with analgesics. Males had a significantly lower level of knowledge compared to females (X2=11.41, P <0.001). After controlling confounding factors in logistic regression, the first predictor of having a satisfactory knowledge score about self-medication with analgesics was being in a higher educational grade (aOR; 2.35, 95% CI: 1.54 - 3.58), followed by female gender. Regarding attitude, 70.8% of respondents agreed that self-medication with analgesics can cause side effects.

Conclusion: Some lack of knowledge about self-medication with analgesics was found among our participants. However, the participants had sound attitudes towards some its issues. Knowledge of medical students and interns about self-medications needs improvement through more educational and training programs.

Keywords :

Analgesic; self-medication; knowledge; attitudes; Saudi Arabia.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-9

DOI : 10.9734/JPRI/2018/39245

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