Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, ISSN: 2456-981X, ISSN: 2278-0998 (Past),Vol.: 24, Issue.: 2
Cognitive Fatigue and the Wellbeing and Academic Attainment of University Students
Andrew P. Smith1* 1Centre for Occupational and Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, 63 Park Place, Cardiff, CF24 0DB, United Kingdom.
Andrew P. Smith1*
1Centre for Occupational and Health Psychology, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, 63 Park Place, Cardiff, CF24 0DB, United Kingdom.
(1) Redhwan Ahmed Mohammed Al-Naggar, Professor, Population Health and Preventive Medicine, UniversitiTeknologi MARA, Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia.
(1) Lolita Rapoliene, Klaipeda University, Lithuania.
(2) Jose Carlossouza, Mato Grosso Do Sul State University, Brazil.
Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/23123
Background: Effects of cognitive fatigue have been widely studied in operational settings and in working populations. Less is known about the effects of cognitive fatigue on the well-being and academic attainment of university students and the present study aimed to provide information on this topic.
Methodology: The study was carried out with the approval of the Ethics Committee, School of Psychology, Cardiff University, and with the informed consent of the volunteers. It was carried out in December and January and participants completed an online survey presented using the Qualtrics package and gave consent for access to their coursework and examination marks. Students completed an online version of the Student Well-being Process Questionnaire. This measured both positive aspects of well-being (happiness, life satisfaction and positive affect) and negative aspects (stress, anxiety, depression and negative affect). It also measured established predictors of well-being (personality, social support, stressors and coping) which were controlled for in the analyses. Grade Point Average scores were also available for the participants and again established predictors of these (previous academic attainment; conscientiousness) were also recorded. Mental fatigue was measured using a single question with a 10-point rating scale. Three hundred and thirteen students completed the study.
Results: The results showed that higher mental fatigue was associated with reduced well-being and lower academic performance. These results remained significant when the established predictors were included in the analyses.
Conclusion: Mental fatigue is associated with reduced wellbeing and lower academic attainment in university students. Further research is now required to identify the causes of cognitive fatigue and to evaluate methods of prevention and management.
Cognitive fatigue; academic attainment; wellbeing; university students.
DOI : 10.9734/JESBS/2018/39529Review History Comments