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Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 2394-1103,Vol.: 16, Issue.: 2

Original-research-article

Prevalence and Intensity of Intestinal Helminth Infections and Associated Risk Factors among School-Aged Children in Abua/Odual Local Government Area, Rivers State

 

U. Living-Jamala1, N. C. Eze1* and Florence O. Nduka2

1Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B. 5323,Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria.

2University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B. 5323, Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Article Information

Editor(s):

(1) Purnachandra Nagaraju Ganji, Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Emory University School of Medicine, USA.

Reviewers:

(1) Orish Verner Ndudiri, University of Health And Allied Sciences Ho Volta Region, Ghana.

(2) Ketan Vagholkar, D. Y. Patil University School of Medicine, India.

Complete Peer review History: http://www.sciencedomain.org/review-history/23104

Abstracts

A study was carried out to determine the prevalence and intensity of intestinal parasite infections and its associated risk factors among school-aged children in Abua/Odual Local Government Area, Rivers State between May-August 2015. Standard parasitological procedures as recommended by World Health Organization were employed in sample collection and examination. Out of a total of 434 stool samples examined, 306 (70.51%) were infected with a mean intensity of 571.38±131.25 epg. The males showed a higher prevalence of intestinal parasite infections (72.03%) than the females (68.69). However, this is not statistically significant (p>0.05). Age distribution of the prevalence of infection did not show a definite pattern, but infection rate was highest among the students aged 5-8 years (75.19%) and least among the students aged 13 years and above (60.5%) with a mean intensity of 340 ± 160.96 epg. This observed difference in prevalence by age was not statistically significant (p>0.05). T. trichiura was the most prevalent parasite amongst the student (52.30%) while A. lumbricoides showed the least prevalence (19.81%). Children whose parents were motorcyclist rider had highest infection rate (79.4%) while children whose parents were civil servants showed least prevalence (47.1%) and intensity 453.51±137.41 epg. The study also revealed that students who defecate in nearby bushes and backyards had the highest prevalence (79.83%) followed by those that use pit latrine The present investigation has shown that intestinal helminthiasis remains a public health problem in Nigeria. Regular environmental sanitation and health education to encourage school-aged children to adopt behavioural change are advocated.

Keywords :

Prevalence; intensity; school-aged children; helminthes.

Full Article - PDF    Page 1-7

DOI : 10.9734/JALSI/2018/39106

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